Wormwood: Medicinal properties and cultivation

Wormwood is one of the most bitter aromatic plants in the world. It was previously believed that its consumption stimulates creativity, inspiration and promotes a sense of perception. Today, it is primarily used for the production of alcohol, as a food supplement and has a healing effect.

Medicinal properties

I play belongs to the genus of annual aromatic plants, whose leaves very branched and silvery, a flowers small, shrunken, yellow. It can reach a height of up to one meter and is extremely strong smell i taste. As many as 480 species belong to this genus.

Essential Wormwood oil contains mostly exceptional bitter substances, plays a major role in therapeutic and process treatment. Encourages secretion gastric glands, improves digestion i absorption nutrients. Also, wormwood clean worm organism, is an excellent tool for treating problems with bile, as well as for cleaning blood. It has an anti-inflammatory effect, so it acts as a mild one antidepressant.

Growing medicinal plants – an opportunity for higher earnings

Wormwood flower buds can be dried up and grind, and as such serve as additives salads and other dishes. It has a beneficial effect on reduction weight, bloating, helps code diabetes i depression. It is also effective in combating it insomnia and corrections blood pressure (smaller amounts of wormwood increase, while larger amounts reduce pressure).

Conditions for growing wormwood

Wormwood grows wild in temperate climates in the area Europe, Asia i North America. It grows along roadsides, mostly in sunny and neglected places, in coastal areas, but is increasingly planted and grown in gardens, orchards and plantations.

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Selection is recommended for growing this plant warm i sunny places sheltered from the wind. The best results are achieved on well-drained soils. Growing wormwood is recommended on the same surface 4 to 6 years. Reproduces be direct setvom seeds in early spring, at a distance between rows of 40 do 50 cm and a line spacing of 15 do 30 cm, for what it is necessary 3 to 4 pounds seeds per hectare.

Seme wormwood is very fine and is sown in spring, by placing it in compost bins. Only when the seedlings are strong enough, they are transferred to the open field.

Care in the cultivation process itself implies supplementation, hilling and mandatory protection against diseases i pest. Because of the bitter taste and intense smell there are generally no major problems with insects, which facilitates the cultivation of this plant species.

In the fall you should pay attention to height plants. It is recommended to shorten to 15 cm from the ground. Although it is not demanding to grow, when the temperature drops below -5°C, wormwood is necessary protect slamom.

How to protect stored herbs

First berba Wormwood is done in the second growing year, given that in the first year the plant does not bloom. The green parts of the plant are taken to drying (at temperatures up to 40 ° C), while the essential oil is obtained by distillation the same parts. The best leaves for drying will be those that are harvested during the summer months (during July and August, while the flower is not yet in full bloom).

Clean oil pelina is like poison, although with proper dosing there is no danger of poisoning. If consumption is not taken into account and a dose higher than the prescribed dose is taken, harmful effects may occur. nervous i muscular system, even to some mental disorders.

It is not advisable to insert the cut parts of wormwood in compost, precisely because of its characteristics that can negatively affect the basic purpose of such a way of feeding the land. It is also effective against moths and flies, as well as for destroying rodents.


Source: Agromedia by www.agromedia.rs.

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