World Environment Day: Wild landfills are a huge problem in Serbia

One of the most common environmental problems in our country is the creation of illegal landfills and their large number. The impact of illegal landfills on the environment is huge and devastating. However, there are those who strongly want to stand in their way…

Foto:Pixabay

The most common reason for creating illegal landfills is to prevent waste collection

Professor Bojan Batinić from the Faculty of Technical Sciences in Novi Sad explained to us what is meant by the term illegal landfill.

“Wild landfills mean all those landfills where citizens organized they leave their waste, where it is we should not to make. There are for that two reasons. The first and most common reason for this is that organized waste collection in some settlements by the utility company is not possible. You have, unfortunately, still in most municipalities in Serbia a certain percentage of residents or households, where the public utility company in charge of waste disposal does not conduct. These are mostly some remote settlements, rural zones, inaccessible places “, said Batinić.

As he says, in that case, the citizens themselves are postponing in some territory (mostly there is already a certain location historically) all your waste.

Controlled landfills are no better in the middle than wild ones

Another reason is when there is organized waste disposal, but people refer to certain categories of it they don’t stop in regular containers and bins, primarily refers to construction debris, certain bulky waste in the form of furniture, electrical appliances and so on. People from ignorance or mostly out of a desire to don’t bother He points out that they take that waste to locations where they simply unload it.

“As a faculty, in 2011 we kept records of their number on the territory of Serbia, and there were some at that time 3 852. Of course some of them have been rehabilitated and some are being reactivated. That number also includes controlled landfills, that is, those landfills that are managed by the utility company, ie the municipality, where everything that the public utility company collects refers to a certain location. However, the difference between these landfills and those we call wild is in most cases only in amount of waste“He says.

Batinic points out that in no other way are these controlled landfills better for the environment because they do not have them groundwater barriers nor is landfill gas monitored for the atmosphere. They are just as wild we just call them controlled because they are under competencies of municipalities, ie a public utility company.

Waste collectionFoto:Pixabay

Waste Sleeve Waste Cleaning Campaign

“Roll up your sleeves” is a campaign with the goal of making an action once a month mass cleaning, to clean as many sites as possible of garbage in one day. It is realized by a civic initiative Eco guard.

“We see that it is always some kind of cleansing of nature or riverbed, but some citizens who cannot organize a trip out of town clean up in their neighborhood as well. The action aims to collect as much waste from nature, but also to gather people to send a message to the institutions that they urgently need to solve the problem of garbage and illegal dumps, because it is not only aesthetic in nature but also health“, They said from the civic initiative Eco Guard.

They added that a large number of landfills were burning due to self-immolation put gauze, and with them plastics, rubber, paints and other substances that are very toxic and carcinogenic when burning, and end up first in the air and then we breathe, then in groundwater and finally on agricultural land, and through food chain it ends in us.

Three days of waste cleaning in Sjenica

The first cleaning action was at the beginning of March, so far they have had them four. Several thousand volunteers have so far participated in the actions. We asked our interlocutors how many illegal dumps were cleaned and at how many locations.

“Not all the sites we cleaned are categorized as illegal landfills, in Novi Sad the banks of the Danube were cleaned, for example, as well as Petrovaradin Fortress. Maybe a dozen wild landfills as such, but also three at the location where the Eco Guard was. At the third cleaning action, most people appeared, them 2000 and it is the most massive cleaning action in Serbia carried out until today, organized on even 54 different locations.

As they announce, the next action of this type will be in approximately a month, their plan is for the action to be realized once a month while the weather is nice, say until the end of October.

They also have another action they can announce: all site hosts and active participants will go to The gazebo where he will spend three days and help locals clean up several illegal dumps in a special nature reserve Cave Plateau. The event is in cooperation with the park rangers as well as the tourist organization of the municipality of Sjenica.


Source: Agromedia by www.agromedia.rs.

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