Poultry breeders face major problems in light of the high prices of feed globally and the high prices of energy, electricity and transport internally, and despite the high prices of poultry, most of the breeders suffered heavy losses that pushed them out of the market, threatening the collapse of the poultry industry on which most Egyptians depend for their food.
As for the coup government, it is not interested in the Egyptians’ food, nor in the exit of these breeders and producers from the market, and therefore it did not try to work for a kind of balance in prices for the benefit of the consumer on the one hand, and to determine appropriate profit margins for producers on the other hand.
The Egyptian markets had witnessed a significant increase in the prices of poultry and eggs, which some described as unjustified, while others saw it as a result of the high prices of feed globally, as Egypt relies on importing it from abroad, as well as the conditions of the Corona pandemic and high transportation prices.
For his part, Dr. Mostafa Khalil, an expert in animal and poultry production, said, “The poultry industry faces many problems, most notably poor management and planning. Most of the poultry industry’s inputs are imported from abroad, pointing out that poultry producers in Egypt consist of two groups, the first is small producers and produces 65% of chicken meat and table eggs, while the second group is represented by large entities and produces 35% of the production, and the two groups complain about the high prices of production inputs as a result of importing them from abroad, in addition to that the small breeder suffers from different weather and breeding conditions such as heating and ventilation, and at the end of the breeding cycle Surprises a specific price of brokers, which incurs huge losses.
Khalil explained in press statements that the main reasons for the rise in poultry and egg prices are the reliance on most production inputs such as yellow corn, soybeans, veterinary medicines, vaccines and fodder, pointing out that the availability of these inputs is affected by the movement of trade between countries, and the Corona pandemic has contributed to the shortage of these materials. Also, importing new quantities of production inputs at new prices to run out of old quantities led to an increase in cost, in addition to the existence of an intermediate link between the producer and the consumer called the broker, who determines the price of the product at random, whether from the breeder or selling to the consumer.
Regarding the suspension of some farm owners from work, he attributed this to the breeder’s fear of losing him due to the unprecedented rise in the prices of production inputs, pointing out that this time of the year production costs rise as the heating element enters the breeding cycle.
Khalil stressed the need not to rely on importing production requirements from abroad and providing them locally through the expansion of the cultivation of reclaimed lands with maize and its alternative agricultural crops that are used in the fodder industry, and the production of seeds for disease-resistant fodder products, in addition to supporting agricultural research institutes and centers to produce new strains of The seeds are highly productive, resistant to diseases and suitable for the Egyptian environment, with the need to produce local breeds of poultry for the production of meat and eggs that have the ability to resist diseases, in addition to supporting the Serum and Vaccine Research Institute and all national veterinary serum and vaccine production companies and urging them to cooperate to produce Egyptian veterinary vaccines that suffice local needs. .
random poultry industry
Dr. Magdy Hassan, Vice-President of the General Federation of Poultry Producers, expressed his regret, because the poultry industry in Egypt is random and needs regulation to balance production with demand.
Hassan said in press statements that “the problem of the industry is poor regulation and lack of feed, pointing to the need to develop a national plan to control epidemics and develop a national program for each region according to the epidemiological situation in it, and for the Veterinary Services Authority to permanently inspect vaccine sales centers and ensure licenses and application of methods appropriate preservation to reduce fraud.
He explained that the plan to convert farms from open to closed is a long-term plan, because 80% of small breeders are linked to their places of residence, noting that the union is working to develop poultry farming companies, which in turn buy suitable lands for breeding in the desert hinterland.
Hassan pointed out that there is a low demand from breeders towards the closed breeding system, stressing that importing poultry from abroad hinders the industry, and there is no need to import when achieving sufficiency.
The absence of control
Dr. Abdulaziz Al-Sayed, Head of the Poultry Division of the Chambers of Commerce, revealed that the reasons for the recent rise in poultry and eggs prices came to compensate for the losses suffered by breeders during the last month of Ramadan and the high prices of feed, explaining that at the present time there are no problems, whether epidemic diseases or productivity problems, and therefore The rise is not justified.
In a press statement, El-Sayed said, “Our egg production is very good, as we produce 13 billion eggs annually, wondering that the cost of producing an egg carton ranges between 37 and 38 pounds, so why not sell them at 42 pounds instead of 60 pounds.”
He explained that the main defect is the lack of control over the fodder, because the main problem lies in the high feed prices, and therefore it must be controlled and stocks not sold at the new prices despite buying them at the old prices.
Al-Sayed added, “We are entering the winter season, which is witnessing epidemic diseases and the high cost of production, due to heating, and all of this affects the poultry industry, and therefore an urgent meeting must be held between the coup government and major producers to agree on controlling prices and determining the appropriate profit margin for them, so that no one loses.” Product and so that the citizen feels movements seeking to find solutions.
He expected that with the advent of the winter season, prices would not decrease, due to the high heating costs, calling on citizens not to store any goods and to buy only as much as needed, so that prices would not rise further.
Source: بوابة الحرية والعدالة by fj-p.com.
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