L’Usine Nouvelle – While the Covid-19 crisis brutally highlights the importance of research, the new Horizon Europe program agreed in December to inject 95.5 billion over 7 years in the field. Will this be enough to restore Europe to its place in research?
Jean-Eric Paquet – No, obviously. If we take into account private and public funding from the Member States, Horizon Europe only represents 10% of the European research effort. It makes it possible to build the European research area, by aligning the efforts of States. In fields such as quantum, artificial intelligence, renewable energies, aeronautics, a critical mass at European level is essential to weigh in the international competition. In terms of quality, publications, start-ups created … Europe is already at the top of world research. But this only partially translates into innovation and this is where Horizon Europe comes in. With a very large budget: while Horizon 2020 [le précédent programme européen pour la recherche, courant sur la période 2013-2020] accounted for 77 billion euros, we are at more than 95. Despite the absence of the United Kingdom! Moreover, it should join Horizon Europe as a partner and bring the total budget of the program to more than 100 billion euros.
How does Horizon Europe intend to connect science and innovation?
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