Villiviinit (Parthenocissus) are popular vines and cover crops. The most common types are suction tip wild wine and grate wild wine, the former of which attaches to the support by itself with its adhesive plates and the latter needs a separate support.
The leaves larger than the palm of the plant are five-fingered and burst into shoots in late spring. The shoots will stretch to several meters in just a few years. In good conditions, wild wine planted on the wall of an apartment building has hurt up to more than 20 meters.
The flowers of wild wine are modest, but it makes spectacular berries in late summer or early fall. The berries are not edible. The green leaves of wild wines turn fluffy red or red-yellow in autumn.
Also read: Why do leaves change color and fall in the fall? We found out
Wild wine is suitable for grille and ground cover plants
The wild wine is suitable for greening the pergola and can be planted as a ground cover plant or upholstered in rocks. The shoots of wild wine can be directed to grow on the trunk and twig of the tree, from which its autumn color shines far away.
Wild wine has long been planted to upholster the south wall of a house, where there are pros and cons. The press protects the wall from the sun and rain, but the crop retains some moisture that can cause rot. An old vine may thread shoots into the attic or roof structures, with the risk that the shoots will damage the structures of the house.
Nowadays, it is recommended to attach a separate support to the wall for all vines to allow air to circulate behind the vine. It also eases the situation where the plant needs to be cut or lowered when painting the house.
Read also: Flies are beautiful flowering vines – get planting and care instructions for flies and see pictures of different varieties!
Planting and caring for wild wine is easy
Wild wine thrives from sun to shade, but especially the semi-shady place is on its mind.
The soil of the habitat should be limed and fertilized. Once the land at the planting site has been properly fertilized and limed, the need to add fertilizer and lime will not come until a few years later in the spring. Like other perennials, it benefits from late summer fall fertilization.
Seedlings can be planted in spring or autumn – also in summer, if you are ready to water the rooting dough 2-3 times a week.
Wild wine cutting
There is no need for planting surgery, and there is no need for surgery just afterwards. Dead branches can be removed at any time of the year. In summer, the damage stands out best.
A shoot that has grown in the wrong place can be trimmed in the summer. Then use scissors to cut the shoot or its disturbing piece from the tip of the shoot.
Wild wine withstands undercutting in the spring before buds break out. In it, all shoots are cut from a height of 20 to 30 centimeters. After undercutting, the rhizome may also sprout shoots further away from the original planting site.
Adding wild wine
Wild wine is easy to add from cuttings. Cut a 20-50 centimeter long shoot and press 2-3 joints from the base into the soil. Seal the mold around the cuttings by hand and water.
Shoots take root in the ground or in potting soil in a few weeks. The root system of the old plant grows deep, so adding cuttings is an easier option for transplanting.
Do you know wild wines?
- Grilled wild wine (P. inserta) you Pietari Kalm to us from North America in the 18th century. It is very fast growing and needs support for its growth to which its shoots are directed. Grilled wild wine is winter-hardy in zones IV. Pensasvilliviini (P. inserta ‘Terola’) is a domestic grapevine strain of the species.
- Suction butter (P. quinquefolia ’Engelmannii’) attaches to the porous support by itself with its gripping plates. It is very popular as a vine and ground cover plant. The species is winter-hardy in zones I-IV. As a cover under the snow, it can overwinter even further north.
- Town Hall wine (P. tricuspidata ‘Veichtii’) is rare in us, but popular in Japanese gardens. Heart-shaped, three-split One-leaf town hall wine is a winter-hardy one. It is winter-hardy in zones Ia, i.e. Åland and the south-west coast.
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