African swine fever (ASP) has spread among the wild boar population of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county. Since January, more than 3,000 cases have been registered in Borsod alone between animals that have died and those killed due to depletion, boon.hu reports in its article referring to the data of the National Food Chain Safety Office (Nébih).
According to the news portal, the number of more than 3,000 cases is also remarkably high because last year’s population estimate in the county of Northern Hungary counted nearly 5,600 wild boars according to the national hunting database. And this amount is orders of magnitude less than the data prior to the release of ASP in 2018. Furthermore, the local press reports in the neighboring counties of Heves and Nógrád that the level of infection is similar to that of Borsod.
“We found a lot of dead wild boar this year. Almost all carcasses have been shown to be infected with African swine fever. During these weeks, the number of such cases has decreased in our hunting area, but only because there are hardly any surviving specimens from the herd. When the plague broke out in 2018, an expert from the National Chamber of Hunters told us that the mortality rate of the disease was so good that 10 percent of the herd would remain by the end of the epidemic. ” – said the president of Napi.hu who wanted to keep the name of a hunting company in Borsod.
The European Union has previously developed a strategy to curb ASP. According to this, by February 2025, the density of feral pigs in the Member States should be reduced to one individual per 200 hectares. The Hungarian action plan is also in line with this, according to which, for example, the population of Borsod County cannot exceed 3100. Swine fever has already set this value well, and even reduces it, but according to the expert we interviewed, the hunt is not over here.
“Domestic pigs are a priority over wild boar. If the virus were to be released among domestic pigs, it would cause irreparable economic damage. Much greater than the fact that revenues from the sale of wild boar meat in Borsod have virtually ceased. It is an unofficial expectation to hunters in the area at the moment that if they see a wild boar, they will be shot. We cannot endanger the health of domestic pigs. And the boars that have been shot are not, of course, processed in the slaughterhouses, but are collected in containers by Nébih. ” Said the President.
Due to the African swine fever, special epidemiological regulations have come into force recently. The regulations mainly concern poultry keepers and establishments producing pork and meat products, but they have also introduced strict provisions for the marketing of wild boar meat.
African swine fever
African swine fever (ASP) is a highly contagious viral infectious disease to which domestic swine and European wild boar are susceptible in Europe. Pigs and feral pigs infected with the ASP virus die almost without exception. The virus does not infect humans, so it has no public health significance. Contact with infected animals and the consumption of infected food do not pose a danger to us either.
Source: Napi.hu by www.napi.hu.
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