Why should we not abuse antibiotics?

Antibiotics are an example of the great progress that has been made in medicine over the years. They are one of the reasons why global life expectancy is higher today than it was a century ago and even higher. However, the misuse of them can mean a very serious problem for humanity in the future. In general, it is not okay to abuse or overdo anything, and antibiotics are no exception. Next, we tell you the reasons.

What are antibiotics and how do they work?

Antibiotics are the drugs that are prescribed by doctors to fight bacterial infections like in the throat or stomach, for example. These can be applied to both people and animals.

All previous it means that antibiotics only work against some bacteria, they should not be consumed to fight viruses. They can be administered orally, intravenously, or on the skin. They can also be broad-spectrum, that is, they work against different bacteria, or they can be for a specific one.

The way antibiotics work can vary. Some attack bacteria directly to damage the cell and that it is no longer able to affect the person or animal. Other antibiotics can stop bacteria from growing and reproducing so that the immune system can finish defeating the bacteria.

The problem of abuse

Antibiotic use needs to be regulated for a very simple but troubling reason. Bacteria are very poorly developed cells and therefore are prone to spontaneous mutations. One of these possible mutations is antibiotic resistance.

In other words, some bacteria can develop plasmids with resistance genes. The problem is that excessive or unregulated use of antibiotics will eliminate weak bacteria, but will leave resistant ones. The latter will have the freedom to reproduce, since they will not have competition in their environment.

These consequences that we see are a problem, because in the long run the effectiveness of antibiotics is going to be reduced, affecting many people and animals. It is a silent situation, that is, it happens slowly and is not visible to the naked eye. That is why some come to compare it to global warming.

That is why doctors must be very cautious when prescribing these medications. In addition, its use in livestock production must also be regulated so that there are no unnecessary antibiotics in the meat that is consumed or in the manure of the plants.

You already know why you should not abuse antibiotics. What other global problems do you know?


Source: okdiario.com by okdiario.com.

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