Why mobile data speed is low in the country

Bangladesh lags behind India or Pakistan in terms of mobile internet speed. Afghanistan is the only country in South Asia that has slower internet than Bangladesh. In this case, the situation in Bangladesh is worse than Ethiopia and Somalia, which are known as the poorest countries in Africa.

The World Index of Speedtest, a popular website that tracks online internet speeds, reported this information last January.

Mobile operators in Bangladesh have been claiming to have 4G speed internet service for a long time. It is rumored that they will soon offer 5G services, the most advanced technology on the Internet. A responsible official at a large mobile service provider, however, denied that their internet speeds were low. But he declined to make an official statement.

BBC analysis

The telecom minister, however, said that the speed of the internet was slowing down as the amount of spectrum or wave was less than the amount of internet subscribers of the mobile service providers.

Under such circumstances, an auction is being organized next Monday (March 6) for the allocation of new spectrum. Officials hope that the internet service will improve from next month after the operators buy the required spectrum from this auction.

A large portion of the people in Bangladesh who use smartphones depend on the mobile internet for communication, browsing or entertainment. But there is no end to people’s complaints about the speed of this mobile internet.

Maimuna Sultana, an official of a private organization, is quite active through social media. He has his own Facebook page and YouTube channel, where he streams live, uploads pictures / videos. But recently the mobile operator has changed without getting the required speed internet service. But he did not get any benefit.

Although the two operators demanded uninterrupted internet connection across the country in their various advertisements and campaigns, Sultana sometimes got in trouble to get the connection inside Dhaka.

Especially when he goes to the underground or 12th floor of a building, he no longer gets network from his operator.

Again, he has to face the same complication in many districts outside Dhaka. Sultana said, “We went to visit Srimangal last month. I couldn’t connect to any of my two operators there. But in both of them I bought a 7-day package. My whole money was wasted. ‘ He added that his office is on the 12th floor of a multi-storey building in Dhaka. There is too much trouble to get the network!

Although the mobile operators demanded to provide Forge internet, Sadia Haque complained that there was no similarity in performance with it. He is running an online business, in which case he has to rely on internet connection day and night.

“They claim Forge Speed, but the footage gets so bad after a while when I go live,” Mrs Hawk complained. This is not supposed to happen in Forge. Occasionally there is buffering on YouTube. But the money is not taking less. It is taking more than other countries.

Bangladesh’s position in the Speedtest index: The company has surveyed the mobile internet speeds of 140 countries, where Bangladesh ranks 136th. Which is one step behind last year.
The speed of mobile internet in Bangladesh is 10.56 Mbps. Which is 12.41 Mbps in India and about 16 Mbps in Pakistan.

However, in the same index, Bangladesh is ahead of many other countries in the speed of broadband internet through fiber optic cable. Bangladesh ranks 97 out of 175 countries. Which is one step ahead of last year. At present, the average download speed of broadband internet in Bangladesh is 33.54 Mbps. As such, Bangladesh is ahead of Turkey and Greece.

The reason for the high speed of broadband internet in Bangladesh is said to be that people use this internet through cable. Where spectrum or wireless waves using mobile internet.

What is being done to increase the speed of mobile internet: Posts and Telecommunications Minister Mostafa Jabbar says that the number of subscribers of mobile operators in Bangladesh is less than the amount of spectrum or radio waves they use.

He said, ‘Suppose the number of subscribers of an operator is 6 crore. But their spectrum allocation is only 36 MHz. Where as customers they were supposed to be like 100 MHz. This radio wave is the backbone of the mobile network. If it’s not right, nothing will be right. ‘

Bandwidth usage in Bangladesh has doubled in the last one year. But the ability of telecom companies to cope with this, i.e. the use of their radio waves, has not increased in that proportion.

Due to this, the customers are not getting the desired internet speed, said the telecom minister. He said, ‘5 years after the arrival of 3G in 2013, we came to 4G in 2016. In 2019, the operators have done some preparatory work. Due to Corona in 2020, the work of expanding the network did not go that way.

Now, in order to increase the speed of this mobile internet, BTRC, the telecommunication regulator in Bangladesh, is going to auction the radio waves on March 7. It has been reported that all the radio waves that are unused in various bands will be auctioned off.

If mobile operators take the opportunity to buy wireless waves from this auction as the number of their subscribers. He hopes that the speed of the internet will change drastically after March.

Mobile operators have reportedly applied to buy these radio waves.
Also, where there was fiber optics, they could simply build a network by pulling. Fiber optics can come in handy to get large bandwidth, especially in remote areas where there are problems with radio waves.

But neither the mobile operator in Bangladesh nor the Nationwide Telecommunication Transmission Network (NTTN) could do that, the minister alleged. However, the telcos have been instructed to bring 80 per cent of Bangladesh’s customers to Forge internet service by March 26, he said.

In the meantime, the country’s two major mobile operators have promised to work, he said. The quality of customer service is also expected to be better than before with the addition of additional radio waves.

The fact that most people in Bangladesh do not have a Forge handset is another reason for being deprived of this internet service, said Mr. Jabbar.

SM Farhad, secretary general of MTB, an association of mobile phone operators in Bangladesh, has claimed that despite many problems, mobile operators are providing quality services.

According to him, the use of mobile internet during the coronavirus epidemic has greatly increased the impact of the service means.
However, the Minister of Telecommunications thinks that the speed of about 10.50 Mbps is a good speed for Forge service. “Operators continue to provide quality services despite a number of unresolved issues, including spectrum shortages, license splits,” he said.

Another way to increase the speed of mobile internet is to increase the number of mobile towers. But the mobile tower could not be installed for more than two and a half years. But at this time the number of customers has increased a lot. This is believed to have affected the speed of the Internet. But recently the tower companies have started working.


Source: Bhorer Kagoj by www.bhorerkagoj.com.

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