Who paves the path to power for the extreme right? – World – News

Is it possible to govern with the extreme right? The European People’s Party (EPP) also asks this question. Its political body was held last week in Lisbon.

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Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni (left) with President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen. Meloni’s Brothers of Italy grew up in the neo-fascist Italian political scene.

The EPP is the strongest party in the European Parliament, the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, supports it, and it has eight representatives in the European Council, which is made up of top representatives of the EU member states. Slovak Prime Minister Eduard Heger officially joined them in Lisbon, whose OĽaNO was accepted by the EPP.

VIDEO: Heger about Matovič and the future of OĽaNO

People have conditions

People’s Party leader Manfred Weber spoke in Lisbon about the conservatives hoping to govern other countries. He recalled that in Sweden, the leader of the Moderates, Ulf Kristersson, became the head of the government a few weeks ago. And that in Italy, after the September elections, Silvio Berlusconi’s Forza Italia party is part of the cabinet.

But it wasn’t free. Both the moderates and Forza Italia, which belong to the EPP, had to join forces with radical right-wing parties on their way to power. Kristersson governs with the parliamentary support of the Sweden Democrats, who even won the election under the leadership of Jimmie Åkesson. Forza Italia, on the other hand, belongs to a coalition with two far-right entities. Matteo Salvini’s League and Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni’s Brothers of Italy.

And by the way, Boris Kollár’s government We are the family at the European level belongs to the Party of Identity and Democracy, whose most prominent member is Marine Le Pen’s National Assembly.

“Publicly, I want to say that we had some debates, whether, for example, it is acceptable for Ulf Kristersson to work with the Sweden Democrats. We discussed that. We defined three clear criteria to evaluate when it is possible to work with more conservative voices, and when it is no longer possible. So that we know where the red lines are that we will not cross,” declared Weber in Lisbon. According to the leader of the People’s Party, it is essential that the partners of the People’s Party meet three things. “They must be pro-European. There is no doubt about that. They must be pro-Ukrainian. There is no gray area at this moment in history. It’s black and white. You’re either on the right side of history – or you’re not. And they must support the rule of law,” explained Weber.

But is it really so easy to define red lines when cooperating with the extreme, radical or populist right? Isn’t it just another political normalization of it, which is mainly the responsibility of the centrist-right parties, but in some cases also of the left parties?

Normalization of the extreme right

“The problem is really not so much that extreme right-wing parties have more significant support, because the number of votes for these entities fluctuates in different elections. Rather, it is the fact that these parties are going through a certain normalization. Recently, far-right parties have done well in Italy and Sweden, but I can also give you some examples where they have failed. Golden Dawn leaders are in prison in Greece and the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) has collapsed. However, as I say, I would not only look at the election results of these parties. What is different compared to the past is that now there are more of these entities in government. And if they are in opposition, many of them are seen as legitimate parties. So we can say that their political normalization has taken place,” Daphne Halikiopoulou, an expert on the radical right from the University of Reading in England, responded to Pravda.

Jimmie Åkesson, head of the Sweden Democrats, who... Photo: SITA/AP, Jonas Ekströmer/TT

Jimmie Åkesson Jimmie Åkesson, head of the Sweden Democrats, who started as a neo-Nazi party, but now the right would not have a parliamentary majority in the country without them.

According to the expert, Sweden is an interesting case because it was one of the last European countries where traditional parties refused to cooperate with the extreme right.

Who is to blame? “The problem is that other parties are not only willing to cooperate with the far right, but also copy its agenda,” said Halikiopoulou, but reminded that this is not a good strategy. the right, they lose in the elections, because then the voters are more inclined to the original radicals, not to subjects that copy them,” Halikiopoulou explained.

Many centrist-right, but also several more left-wing parties, especially in Central and Eastern Europe, have almost completely adopted the rhetoric of the extreme right regarding migration.

“From my point of view, this approach to the radical right is problematic because it empties the liberal essence of European democracies. It is also short-sighted because it lends legitimacy to parties that directly compete with the centre-right. We should be careful when drawing any general conclusions from individual cases, but the transfer of power in Italy from Forza Italia to the League and then to the Brothers of Italy is instructive,” German political scientist Kai Arzheimer from the University of Mainz told Pravda.

Of course, radicals can adapt to political events even without the help of others. “Extreme right-wing parties themselves often actively use rhetorical strategies in order to act, so to speak, as normal political players. They are trying to increase their electoral attractiveness. However, it is important to note that research shows that this normalization rhetoric is not related to the fact that they actually moderate their far-right positions,” Bartek Pytlas, author of the book Radical Right-Wing Parties in Central and Eastern Europe, told Pravda.


Source: Pravda – Správy by spravy.pravda.sk.

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