WHO Commission: Catastrophic effects of pandemic surpassed in 2008 consequences of the crisis

Such criticisms and recommendations were made in the report by the World Health Organization (WHO) European Commission on Health and Sustainable Development. Leaders from different fields gathered a year ago summarized what the world could have learned from the pandemic and what it should do to not only keep the crisis going, but also get out of it.

Criticized the reluctance to act together

According to the commission, the COVID-19 pandemic requires urgent reforms of the health care system, care and management not only in the European region, which covers the territory from the Danish-owned Greenland to the Russian Far East.

53 countries in the region, as well as others, are called upon to address the long-standing health, economic and gender inequalities exposed by the pandemic. At the same time, invest in innovation, data collection and sharing, strengthen national health systems, and regional and global governance.

“Despite repeated warnings from the scientific community about the global pandemic, the world was not ready when 2019. SARS-CoV-2 appeared at the end of the year, the report said. – The consequences of COVID-19 have been and continue to be catastrophic due to the different and inadequate national responses. In the European region alone, more than 1.2 million deaths, over 4 million worldwide.

“Despite repeated warnings from scientists about the global pandemic, the world was not ready when 2019. SARS-CoV-2 appeared at the end of the 19th century.

The unprecedented economic downturn surpassed 2008. the effects of the global financial crisis. It is extremely important to learn from our mistakes, because we cannot afford to repeat them. “

WHO European Region Dr. In the words of Hans Henri P. Kluge, another pandemic can no longer be allowed to overthrow the world, and we must do everything in our power to prevent a recurrence of a similar catastrophe.

He therefore convened the Pan-European Commission on Health and Sustainable Development a year ago and asked it to assess what had helped, and even more so, what had failed in response to COVID-19 infection.

The Commission was asked to summarize the lessons learned from the response of different national health systems to the COVID-19 pandemic and to make recommendations for investment and reforms to strengthen the resilience of health and social security systems.

„Reuters“/„Scanpix“ nuotr./Mumbajus per pandemiją

The commission, chaired by former European Commissioner and Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti, is made up of former heads of state and government, eminent scientists and economists, professionals and leaders from across Europe.

“We call for action at various levels of society: to mobilize divided societies, to protect the health of the planet, to invest and innovate in health systems, to improve European and global governance,” said HHPKluge. – Our main challenge was not success strategies – we know what we have to do, but the collective inability to implement them effectively.

New generations deserve a better world where progress is not at the expense of them and the health of the planet.

A major hurdle was the reluctance of governments to share decision-making power or agree to share a governance arrangement for the common good. It’s time to learn some important lessons so we don’t make mistakes again. ”

The first reaction was to close

The Commission calls on national governments, regional and global organizations, all stakeholders in health and social care systems to engage in far-reaching reforms, invest in and improve governance, Monti said.

According to him, in addition to stronger prevention, preparedness and response to the pandemic, it is recommended to develop a new strategy for health and sustainable development. This requires an understanding of the link between human, animal and plant health and its impact on zoonotic diseases, the link between climate change, biodiversity and human health.

“New generations deserve a better world, one in which progress is not at the expense of them and the health of the planet,” Monti said.

Reuters / Photo by Scanpix / Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti

Reuters / Photo by Scanpix / Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti

He recalled that the first response of many countries to the pandemic was to close geographical and economic borders, take a separate national response and ignore other countries.

“However, COVID-19 has shown us that single-state solutions are not enough when it comes to the spread of communicable diseases in a globalized world,” said the former Italian prime minister. “Such crises can only be effectively tackled through joint international action.”

Deaths could have been avoided

One of the commission’s recommendations is to implement a “Vienna Health” policy that recognizes the link between human, animal and plant health and their environment.

When one part of this system is threatened, the other is also at risk. The emergence and spread of SARS-CoV-2 is thought to have been driven by human activities such as deforestation, trade, and wildlife wastage, international travel.

“There is no future for us and our descendants unless we all take urgent action to adjust our path,” the commission warns.

She points out that over the years, national policies have contributed to wealth and income inequality, under-investment in social protection, unequal opportunities, precarious employment and housing, racism and other forms of discrimination. States are called upon to reduce social inequalities.

At the same time, it is proposed to promote innovation in the health care system, to invest more in it. The pandemic showed that hospitals lacked everything: beds, staff, protective equipment, even oxygen

123RF.com nuotr./Reabilitacija

123RF.com nuotr./Reabilitacija

The elderly were under-protected, leading to many preventable deaths. States are therefore called upon to close the gaps and ensure long-term funding for primary health care, mental health and social security, and the protection of health workers.

To reduce health risks, it is proposed to develop and invest in early warning systems, improve monitoring and data collection, while ensuring the protection of personal data.

States are encouraged to strengthen the role of health policy in the overall policies of governments and international organizations. To this end, it is proposed that the G20 establish a Global Health and Finance Council, thus recognizing health as a global common good.

It is also proposed to set up a European Disease Control Network and a European Health Threats Council.

“Joint efforts by governments to change and change together are essential if the region and the world are to truly resilience and overcome the inequalities and failures that are embodied in the experience of the crisis,” the report said.


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