When was the Gulf Cooperation Council established and how many countries were involved? Where when the council was established we present it to you in a place where the leaders of the Arab Gulf states were keen on the unity of the Arab world, so the idea of establishing the Gulf Cooperation Council came among them, and the founding idea was Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait in that Time.
When was the Gulf Cooperation Council established?
- When the Gulf Cooperation Council, or as it is known as the Arab Gulf Cooperation Council, was a regional Arab political, economic, military and security organization consisting of 6 Arab countries, all of them facing the Arab Gulf.
- It constitutes most of the Arabian Peninsula, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, the State of Kuwait, the State of Qatar and the Kingdom of Bahrain.
- When was the Gulf Cooperation Council created? It was established at a meeting held in Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates, on May 25, 1981, and is now chaired by Nayef Al-Hajraf as the General Secretariat of the Gulf Cooperation Council in Riyadh, the capital of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Governmental system for the Gulf Cooperation Council countries
- All member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council are monarchies, and they have two constitutional monarchies, the State of Kuwait and the Kingdom of Bahrain.
- There are two absolute monarchies, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the State of Qatar, and a country with a hereditary and sultanistic ruling system, which is the Sultanate of Oman, and the United Arab Emirates with 7 emirates, and each emirate has its own administration.
- In 2011, King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, in charge of the Two Holy Mosques, presented a proposal at the 32nd Gulf Summit to transform the Gulf Cooperation Council into a Gulf Union and coordinate between them politically, militarily and economically, and this Saudi idea was accepted only by the Sultanate of Oman. was not.
The Cooperation Council includes the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Kingdom of Morocco
The Arab Gulf states have accepted the idea of adding the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Kingdom of Morocco to the Gulf Cooperation Council. “The leaders of the Arab Gulf states, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan,” told reporters in a famous press conference, “The leaders of the Arab Gulf states, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan” and welcomed the application to join the Gulf Cooperation Council and sent Ministers. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs invites the Jordanian Minister of Foreign Affairs to negotiate until the necessary measures are completed.
In addition, and based on the invitation to contact and join the Kingdom of Morocco, the Supreme Council authorized foreign ministers to invite the Kingdom’s foreign minister to enter negotiations to complete the necessary procedures for this.
While the Moroccan Ministry of Foreign Affairs endorsed the official statement, welcomed the invitation of the Gulf Cooperation Council states, and expressed the willingness of Moroccan officials to consult with the Gulf Cooperation Council states “to establish an optimal framework for cooperation”, the Moroccan state should establish the Arab Maghreb Union, which is a strategic choice. He confirmed that he was determined. It is necessary for the Moroccan nation, but the two countries have not joined it yet.
The goals of the Gulf Cooperation Council
- Cooperation and integration have been achieved in all activities between the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council.
- It documents the interdependence between the peoples of the Arab world.
- They form the same formulas in all economic, financial, commercial, customs and various other economic fields.
- It aims to increase scientific and technological progress in various economic fields by establishing scientific research centers.
- It works to establish joint ventures and encourage and stimulate private sector cooperation.
Gulf Cooperation Council Summit 2021
- Preparing experiences in the field of the powers of the General Secretariat, cooperation, coordination, projects and comprehensive programs for joint work, preparing periodic reports on the implementation of the Council, following up the decision-making process, preparing the necessary reports and studies by the Supreme Council or the Council of Ministers, preparing for all conferences and preparing the cabinet agenda and draft decisions … etc. Of the necessary tasks.
The administrative apparatus of the General Secretariat consists of:
- A general secretary appointed by the Supreme Council for a period of 3 years, renewable once.
- The Council of Ministers appoints the five deputy ministries responsible for political, economic, military, security, human and environmental affairs and the head of the Gulf Cooperation Council’s mission in Brussels for a period of 3 years, renewable upon the recommendation of the Secretary-General.
- In the sectors where the Secretariat and other personnel are located, the Director General is identified and appointed by the Secretary General.
- The administrative body of the General Secretariat, in addition to a representative of the European Cooperation Council in Brussels, a group of experts such as political affairs, economic affairs and military affairs, security, human and environmental affairs, legal affairs, financial and administrative affairs, the patent office and the information center. And represented in the aid industry. The Bahrain Technical Communications Office and the Advisory Committee Office in the Sultanate of Oman.
How many countries in the Gulf Cooperation Council?
The Gulf Cooperation Council consists of 6 members as follows:
- Bahrain: Bahrain is one of the few Arab Gulf states by population. In 2017, they numbered 1,442,659, and they settled here in an area that can reach 760 square kilometers, but they have many natural resources such as oil, natural gas, and fish. And pearls.
- Kuwait: The area of Kuwait is about 17,820 square kilometers. According to the research conducted in 2005 AD, approximately 2,589,000 people and eight people live there, including Failaka Island, Boubyan, Maskan, Al Awaha, Al Warba, Umm Al-Mardim, Umm Al-Nami and Al-Qouh. The island belongs to it. There are stable rivers or lakes, which are large and flat desert lands.
- Oman: Oman has an area of about 309,500 square kilometers, and about 3,355,262 people live in it. Oman shares the Musandam Peninsula with the United Arab Emirates, which is characterized by its many hills and low mountains.
- Qatar: The State of Qatar is on one side only and has a land border with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, so it is considered a peninsula, and the Qataris, who reached 2.74 million AD in 2019, are among the richest people there because it contains the third largest natural gas reserves. . Around the world, it was previously dependent on the pearl and sea trade.
- The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Hajj, Umrah and wealth are of the most important matters in talking about the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which covers a large part of the Arabian Peninsula, with an area of about 2,149,690 square kilometers and contains many Islamic cities: Makkah, Madinah and Madinah. Also Saudi Arabia. Saudi oil wealth since the early sixties.
- United Arab Emirates: The area of the United Arab Emirates is about 83,600 square kilometers, and includes 7 emirates that rule a hereditary emirate in each emirate, while its total population reaches 9.68 million people in 2019 AD, when most of its residents were living. Although the capital is Abu Dhabi, it is located in the emirate of Dubai.
The nomination of Arab countries for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council
- Each of the Republic of Iraq is considered a state bordering the waters of the Arabian Gulf, and has expanded its borders with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the State of Kuwait and the Republic of Yemen as a strategic extension of the countries of the Arabian Peninsula, being a candidate for full membership in the Council.
- After the famous Gulf military operation in the Republic of Yemen, the Decisive Storm, led by the Saudi Armed Forces, it began when both countries in Iraq and Yemen had membership in some of the council’s committees such as sports, health and culture.
- Yemeni President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi announced Yemen’s accession to the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, and the takeover of the Peninsula Shield forces on the Yemeni lands that were occupied by the Houthi group after Iran and the supporters of Ali Abdullah Saleh. He was asked to enter.
Source: موجز مصر by www.mogazmasr.com.
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