When do HOME APPLIANCES “retire”? TV lasts 9 years, mobile nor 2
The French researched the durability of the device and found that most programmed to “retire” after a certain cycle of use.
Most devices are, as shown by a study by a French consumer protection association, designed to suddenly “become obsolete” at a specific time – either they stop working completely, require an upgrade or need to be thrown away because they are designed so that the service technician cannot even reach the part that should be replaced.
As Jutarnji list reports, this procedure is called “planned obsolescence” and the reason is that a large number of modern devices can no longer work even half the average lifespan of the devices of our mothers, grandmothers and grandfathers, who used to be able to use their devices for several decades.
According to that French research, there are several types of planned device obsolescence.
The most common is the so-called “Functional obsolescence”, where u the device usually breaks only one part that cannot be repaired, so the appliance can be thrown away and it is necessary to buy a new one. That guy it is most commonly present in televisions, washing machines and computers, and with the latter, obsolescence due to incompatibility often occurs.
She actually assumes that the device, which works quite normally, becomes useless because it can no longer “pair” with different types of software which constantly require more and more RAM.
“Indirect obsolescence” is the most extreme example: that is the situation in which you have a fully functional device, but the manufacturer has decided not to produce spare or additional parts for it anymore, and a similar thing happens with mobile phones for which it is no longer possible, for example, to buy a charger or batteries.
The most sophisticated type of manipulation with the duration of the device or its individual parts is the one in which the device works quite well, but the consumer receives a notification that it is necessary to replace some part of it. They are the most common example printers, which at some point inform the user that the toner is running out, even though it is not actually used up, and thus motivate him to replace it and invest in a new one.
In addition to the French consumer protectors, the problem of the durability of the device has been addressed by many others, primarily the British and Americans. It’s below review of the expected shelf life of individual appliances, calculated based on their research and consumer expectations.
Washing machine – up to 10 years
Research shows that most of them are programmed to last between 2,000 and 2,500 wash cycles, which means that, depending on how often it is used, it will usually stop working before the age of ten. In addition, a good part of today’s machines, instead of steel, have plastic drains, which easily break or experience some other defect, and usually fatal, after which there is no more repair, but the only solution is to buy a new device.
TVs – 9 to 10 years
Today’s TV models, as a rule, last between nine and ten years, unlike the older models of our parents, who had cathode ray tubes and reached an average age of between 10 and 15 years. According to research by the French, they are programmed to last about 20,000 hours, which makes an average life of nine years. After that, one part of the device “goes away”, which is why it is necessary to buy a new one. With newer LCD and plasma models of the device, the most problematic is usually the condenser with which the TV is turned on – that part usually breaks and breaks due to the proximity of heat, which is why it is usually necessary to buy a new device.
Mobile phone – 20 months
Mobile devices, especially smartphones, usually become obsolete for several reasons – for example, due to the short battery life or charger, but many of them have a built-in and functional obsolescence, according to which the device must be replaced after one part stops working. In addition, the problem with mobile devices arises due to the fact that due to frequent software upgrades, the hardware becomes incompatible after a while, because the software requires more and more memory, so the user is forced to replace it. For all these reasons, the French found that the average lifespan of a mobile phone is about 20 months.
Gas hobs – up to 15 years
As a rule, these are devices that, if maintained, can last quite a long time, two years longer than electric hobs, which are expected to last up to 13 years. The reason lies in the fact that they are very easy to maintain, but also to use.
Oven – 14 years
According to American research, ovens, with regular maintenance and cleaning, can “last” more than 14 years on average, although in many households it is expected to be longer, as it used to be. However, many innovations that ovens have today, such as pyrolysis, which takes place under very high temperatures, affect the lifespan of this device, so it is not recommended to use them too often because they consume the device.
Refrigerator – 13 years
Research shows that single-door refrigerators last longer than those with two doors (separate for freezer and refrigerator) – single-door models can last up to 19 years. It is important to clean them regularly – especially keep the rubber on the door and make sure that the liquid drain does not clog the back of the refrigerator. By the way, the refrigerator is one of the good examples of how its obsolescence was influenced by those who designed it – an increasing number of models have light in them that, once it breaks down, the user cannot replace it, but must call a service technician.
Dishwasher – 9 to 13 years
This device will often work better and longer the more regularly it is used, but American research shows that, as a rule, a higher price does not mean a longer lifespan. Namely, more expensive devices usually carry more electronics, ie added components, and that then increases the possibility of some of them breaking down. When choosing this device, the most important thing is to look for an appliance made of a material that resists rust.
Microwave – up to 9 years
This is some expected lifespan with regular use. Although it is a complex device, it is generally not possible to unduly influence its lifespan – except by covering the food when heated, so that it does not spray on the inside and is cleaned regularly.
Source: Morning paper
Source: BIZlife by www.bizlife.rs.
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