This Monday, October 3 marks the launch of the vaccination campaign with products adapted to the different sub-variants of Omicron. Two weeks ahead of the winter flu campaign.
Who can be vaccinated, when, and with which vaccine? We take stock of what you need to know in the face of an eighth wave that flies away.
Where is the epidemic?
Doubt is no longer allowed: the 40,000 new daily cases are now also reflected in the hospital, where there are more than 700 new admissions every day. Two thirds of them are solely due to Covid-19, the remaining third corresponds to patients hospitalized for another reason, and then tested positive.
For the week of September 19 to 25 alone, more than 3,200 new Covid patients were admitted to hospital – a figure that is rising sharply as we enter the fall.
The positivity rate is also soaring, around 25%: one in four tests is therefore positive.
Such figures at the very beginning of autumn worry the health authorities, who fear a new saturation of hospitals. However, contrary to what prevails in Italy or Germany, no health restrictions are no longer on the agenda.
New restrictions in Germany
Showered by a second murderous wave in 2020, Germany is no longer waiting before reinstating some restrictions, in order to avoid the worst.
From the end of September, the federal government made the FFP2 mask compulsory in long-distance trains for people over 14 – as Italy has never stopped doing. The youngest can make do with surgical masks (6-13 years old).
The FFP2 is also compulsory in all health establishments (hospitals, medical practices, etc.), whose employees must undergo a test several times a week.
The governments of the Länder can make the mask compulsory in regional transport and certain places (restaurants, shops, etc.) bus connections since Saturday.
Finally, a negative test may be imposed for entry into nursery or school, in the event of an outbreak.
Each Länder will be able to strengthen the measures according to the local situation.t strengthen the measures
Who can get vaccinated?
The initial vaccination and the first booster (complete vaccination schedule) are open to the entire population aged 5 and over
The High Authority for Health (HAS) detailed the priority audiences:
- People aged 60 and over
- Residents of nursing homes and other “long-term care units” (USLD)
- Immunocompromised patients 12 years and older
- People over the age of 12 “at risk”: comorbidities, pregnant women, etc.
- The close entourage of the people listed above
- Caregivers and other professionals in the health and medico-social sectors
At the end of June, the Ministry of Health had extended to “all those who wish it” the possibility of receiving a second booster – as long as the doses allow it.
The most fragile people, in particular immunocompromised, who have already received two booster doses can receive a new one.
To benefit from a second booster dose, you must also observe a certain delay after the previous dose (or a Covid-19 infection).
For those over 80 and residents of establishments (Ehpad, USLD, etc.), three months after the first reminder or an infection is necessary.
A period extended to six months for all other
With which vaccines?
Nothing changes for the initial vaccination: monovalent messenger RNA vaccines from Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna, as well as the “classic” Novavax vaccine (Nuvaxovid).
For booster doses, apart from rare exceptions, only messenger RNA vaccines are possible.
From this Monday, Moderna’s bivalent vaccine adapted to the BA.1 subvariant is available. From Thursday, October 6, it will be joined by the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine adapted to the Omicron BA.4/BA.5 sub-variants – those which circulate the most today in France.
Note that Moderna ensures that its vaccine is effective against all Omicron sub-variants.
If you are under 30, however, you will have to turn to the Pfizer – Moderna product, which is not recommended for younger people.
Note that it will generally not be possible to choose your own vaccine.
The appropriate vaccines will first be reserved for the priority public: the others will be able to receive the previous vaccines as a booster, which remain effective in avoiding hospitalizations and deaths.
A situation that will not last: several million doses of “new” adapted vaccines will be delivered” by the end of October.
Where to get vaccinated?
For now, with the gradual closure of most vaccination centers, the vaccination campaign has been launched among pharmacists and doctors.
For several weeks, only 17,000 daily booster injections have been performed in France – a figure at its lowest. Only 30% of those over 60 received a second booster.
Vaccination – and the possible opening of dedicated centers – will perhaps benefit from the launch of the annual flu campaign, scheduled for October 18. It is recommended to “couple” the two injections on the same day, for logistical reasons.
Source: Le Progrès : info et actu nationale et régionale – Rhône, Loire, Ain, Haute-Loire et Jura | Le Progrès by www.leprogres.fr.
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