What will happen after the death of Queen Elizabeth II

The death of Queen Elizabeth II is a sad moment for part of the Commonwealth of Nations. Some member states could take advantage of this moment to proclaim their independence from the British crown.

14 countries recognized the queen as head of state. In many cases, their constitutions specify that the queen, specifically, is the head of state.

In these countries, the constitutions will have to be amended to refer to her successor, Charles III.

In countries like Jamaica, where there is a strong republican movement, and Belize, these constitutional changes will also require a referendum.

It is expected to be a time of political peril for the new monarch after Barbados becomes an independent republic in 2021. Charles could face the loss of other important members of the Caribbean Commonwealth.

Problems are also likely to arise in countries such as Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines over the appointment of a new governor-general if where the constitution of the country in question has not been amended to refer to the king and continues to refer to the queen as head of state.

The Queen’s name also appears in countless other laws that will require redrafting, a process neither easy nor cheap, especially for smaller countries.

Among constitutional monarchies, Australia, Canada and New Zealand have measures in place so that the new monarch automatically becomes head of state thanks to faster procedures, writes The Guardian.

Could Australia declare its independence as a republic?

According to the Daily Mail, the Australian Republican Movement issued a statement 19 minutes before the Australian Prime Minister.

The movement’s president, Peter FitzSimons, said he was “deeply saddened” by the Queen’s death, but noted that Her Majesty supported the right of Australians to become independent.

“The Queen supported the right of Australians to become a fully independent nation during the 1999 referendum on an Australian republic … that the future of the monarchy in Australia is a matter for the Australian people and them alone to decide through democratic and constitutional means.”

Australia has a common head of state with all other Commonwealth nations. The Constitution of Australia provided that from 1901, the then monarch of the United Kingdom also became the monarch of Australia. The nations and their governments are independent, but maintain a personal union with the monarch of the United Kingdom.

The Australian Republic Movement was founded on 7 July 1991.

However, monarchists say the party has “no hope” of taking Australia out of the Commonwealth.

Could Canada give up the monarchy?

Most Canadians believe their country should cut ties with the British monarchy after the death of Queen Elizabeth II.

An Ipsos poll conducted on December 26, 2016 for Global News found that 53% of Canadians think it’s time to say goodbye to the British monarchy.

Canada’s historic divisions are exposed. As Monique Scott wrote for Global News: “Calls to ditch the monarchy were, as usual, strongest in Quebec, where 73% of respondents said ties with Britain should be severed upon the Queen’s death “.

French Canada has resentment towards the British monarchy. A large number of Canadians no longer consider the monarchy relevant.

150 years after Canada’s independence from the British Empire, many left-liberal Canadians and Republicans follow progressivism that erodes loyalty to a monarchy that reminds Canadians of an ancient heritage.

“Citizens for a Canadian Republic” is a Canadian group founded in 2002 that advocates replacing the Canadian monarchy with a presidential regime, whereby the Canadian head of state is elected directly by general election or indirectly by the Parliament of Canada, provincial legislatures and Canadian territories or another electoral body.

The group’s director, Tom Freda, thinks Canada doesn’t need a queen.

“God save the queen? No, thank you,” said the Canadian anti-monarchist on the eve of Harry and Meghan’s royal wedding in 2018 in an interview with Global News.

The CCR favors maintaining a Westminster-style parliament, with the prime minister as head of government in a parliamentary republic similar to Ireland or India.

For monarchist Canadians, the British throne was a steady, guiding hand to maturity.

And New Zealand has an anti-monarchy movement

New Zealand Republic Inc. is an organization established in 1994 whose objective is to support the transformation of New Zealand into an independent republic.

The chairman of the campaign is Lewis Holden, a political activist and businessman from Auckland. The organization is not aligned with any political party.

The organization wants the head of state to be elected by the population or by the majority in Parliament.


Source: Cotidianul RO by www.cotidianul.ro.

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