Tuesday, September 21, 2021, 11:19 p.m.
The advantage of planting fruit trees in autumn is that the temperatures are a little lower than in summer, but the rainy season is coming, and this means that they will benefit from high humidity.
At the same time, the soil moisture will accumulate at the roots and will be maintained throughout the cold season. This means that the roots will grow better, and this will lead to the development of a strong trunk.
Another advantage of planting fruit trees in the fall is that they will enter the vegetation period 10 days earlier than the trees you plant in the spring. At the same time, trees that have been planted in the fall will be more resistant to the low temperatures of the following winter.
If there were other trees planted on that land, then it would be good to clear the roots and remove the roots that remained in the ground. Also, consider crop rotation to avoid planting the same species of fruit trees.
If you plant several fruit trees on the same surface, you should also picket the land. This means marking the places where you will make the holes for planting future fruit trees. Do not forget the planting distance which must be somewhere at 3.5-4.5 meters, for the trees to receive light.
Experts also recommend a clearing of the soil, ie its shredding which is done with a plow. Unclogging is done at a depth of 60-70 cm, during the summer, and after that follows a leveling of the ground using the disc.
It is good to make a model of the land, when you plant several fruit trees on the same land. This means that the ground level should be equal, so that there are no lower areas, because during the rainy season water can accumulate.
In general, the depth at which a hole is made for planting a fruit tree should not be less than 50 cm. The maximum depth must not exceed 80 cm. The length and width must be 50 cm each.
Make a measurement using the grafting point, because it must be located at ground level or 2-3 cm above it. This must be taken into account in order to stop the growth of roots from the rootstock and its detachment from the graft.
For those who don’t know, the grafting point is that thickening or small crease that is at the lower end of the trunk.
When it comes time to plant trees, you will also need to trim the roots. This operation consists in shortening the roots. The large ones will be shortened to about 30 cm, while the secondary roots must have a maximum length of 9 cm. Also, cut the injured or dried roots.
If the trees you are going to plant have signs of dehydration, they can be placed in a bucket of water for 10 hours.
After that, the trees are positioned in the pit, but do not forget the grafting point which must be 2-3 cm above the ground. The roots must be covered with soil from the surface, and then it must be compacted with the foot.
Put two buckets of water, and then fill the rest of the pit with earth. After that, compact the soil again using your feet, and at the end put the soil that remained around the tree, in the form of a mound. This is done to protect the fruit trees throughout the winter, reports the cumsa.ro website
Source: Breaking News – Cele mai importante stiri – Ziare.com by ziare.com.
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