What we can do about viruses

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Covid-19, influenza, gastroenteritis… Unfortunately, viruses are rampant in the winter, and always, but this year, due to the further spread of the coronavirus, we need to place special emphasis on effective control. In order to do everything in our power to reduce the risk of infection, in addition to vaccination and adherence to official regulations, it is worth reviewing the most important preventive steps.

Winter favors the spread of viruses, among other things, because the cold reduces the effectiveness of the immune system’s defenses. In addition, we spend a lot of time this season indoors, not always in a well-ventilated place, and this confinement also helps in the transmission of viruses. Thus, the virus is most often transmitted by droplet infection, exhalation, coughing, sneezing, and so on. by emitting saliva droplets containing the virus into the air.

Furthermore, by touching infected objects and surfaces, when the virus first gets into the hand and then into the mouth and nose by touching our face. In addition, the virus on a neutral surface for a variable period of time, e.g. It can remain infectious for 24 hours or even longer. For our part, the two main elements of our combat strategy against proliferation are strengthening the immune system and adhering to hygiene requirements – as a reminder, they are worth summing up.

Keep your distance during festive, family meals as well

Do not forget to keep your distance when setting up the festive table and when planting. After all, we often talk to our relatives who have been seen for a long time during a meal, which can inevitably lead to a droplet infection. Also, sit at a table after washing your hands more thoroughly than usual because the virus can quickly get into the salt shaker, pepper grinder, or any other item you share with your meal.

Handle stress well

Several studies have shown that in tense situations, adrenaline is added to cortisol hormone levels also rise. However, this “stress hormone”, if produced in larger quantities, can weaken the immune system. Therefore, against stress e.g. even during the festive preparation, it is advisable to defend yourself with easy-to-apply relaxation techniques, yoga and meditation.

Make sure you are taking vitamin D, which has an immune-boosting effect

Vitamin D supplementation helps protect against viral infections by supporting immunity. Sunlight allows our bodies to produce vitamin D, which is also essential for the health of our bones. In winter, however, sunshine is less frequent and weaker than in other seasons, so low levels of sunshine reduce our body’s vitamin D levels.

That’s why it’s important to eat as many vitamin D-rich foods as possible during the winter. Such as e.g. sardines, salmon, tuna, cod, fish liver oils, liver, eggs, milk and dairy products, mushrooms, oatmeal, orange juice. In addition to being natural sources of vitamin D, these foods are also rich in omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids, which also play a role in strengthening the immune system.

Follow a balanced diet and hydrate your body adequately

A varied and balanced diet, as well as adequate fluid intake, contributes to maintaining good overall health, which also promotes a proper immune response in our body.

Ventilate the premises frequently, no matter how cold it is outside

Renewing the air in living rooms, study rooms and other rooms is one of the most effective steps taken against viruses. Ventilate for a shorter period of time, but regularly and intensively, with fresh air in open windows.

We protect ourselves when we use public transportation

The risk of infection increases in the enclosed space of vehicles, despite the mandatory use of masks. Therefore, it is advisable to keep as far away from other passengers as possible and, if we can, wait for the next one after the crowded vehicle, which will probably be more empty. Also wear gloves when using handle, door handles that are dangerous for infection.

Photo: gettyimages.com

Clean surfaces that are at risk of infection regularly

During an epidemic, bactericidal wipes or sprays are used on various surfaces, door handles, switches, tablets, telephones, computer keyboards, etc. that are often affected. disinfection. Clean the sanitary ware several times more than usual, also with disinfectants.

Wash hands frequently and accurately

This is an activity whose importance in protecting against viruses cannot be sufficiently confirmed. For effect, use soap and warm water and wash your hands thoroughly for at least half a minute, and a disposable paper towel is best for drying. Or, if all this is not available, always have some kind of hand sanitizer with us (e.g. hydroalcoholic, disinfectant gel, cloth, spray, etc.).

Sleep more than six hours a night

Shorter sleep can lead to a decline in immune protection in the long run. So, with enough sleep, we can naturally strengthen our defenses against viruses.

Rinsing the paper towel and toilet can also spread the infection

In winter, the paper handkerchief is an indispensable tool, as we blow our noses more, cough and sneeze… But after a single use, do not put it back in your pocket or bag, but immediately throw it in a closed trash can because they can carry the virus through saliva drops. On the other hand, studies have also shown that after flushing an open-lid toilet, virus-containing aerosols are released that can be easily inhaled or adhere to various surfaces. Therefore, make sure that you always close the toilet lid before flushing.

Source: Galenus

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