What type of trailer can you tow by law if you have a category B license?

Many drivers in Romania buy a trailer, but do not know the legal provisions regarding the conditions under which they can drive it. Some of them believe that if they attach a trailer to their personal car, it is enough to have a category B car license to drive it. However, this is not the case at all, as not all cars with a trailer can be driven if you have such a license. In the following we will present you all the aspects you need to know when you decide to buy a trailer.

What type of trailer can be towed with a category B license?


The trailer is a non-motorized towing vehicle. It can be attached to a category B car, but, of course, in compliance with the legal provisions in force. And here we refer to the updated Road Code 2022 which completes GEO no. 195/2002 – regarding the traffic on public roads.

Thus, the machine must not exceed the maximum permissible total mass of 3,500 kg. The car must also have a maximum of 8 passenger seats plus the driver’s seat.

If you have a vehicle that weighs up to 3,500 kg or even 3,500 kg, the trailer or semi-trailer must not weigh more than 750 kg. In this case, the maximum permissible weight of the assembly (car + trailer) must be no more than 4,250 kg.

Careful! The total permissible weight is that which the empty car or trailer can weigh together with its load (empty weight + maximum payload). The value is stipulated in the registration certificate of the vehicle.

The maximum authorized mass of 750 kg is given by the manufacturer. This is the actual mass of the trailer plus the mass of the maximum load. This leads to confusion among drivers because some people say that if the weight of the trailer is less than 750 kg and they do not load it, they can tow it with a category B license. but the maximum authorized mass.

What if the car weighs more than 3,500 kg?

You can also tow a trailer with a car whose total mass exceeds 3,500 kg. For this you need proof that you have a category BE driving license (category B and a category E trailer license).

You will need a set of documents: IC, category B car license, criminal record, medical analysis and psychological test. You need to take a specialized course that lasts about a week. It consists of 10 hours of theory and 10 hours of practice. At the end of the course you will take a theoretical and practical exam with workers from the Permits Service.

What does the current legislation say?

The maximum speed allowed outside the localities for vehicles towing a trailer is 10 km / h lower than the maximum speed allowed for the category to which that vehicle belongs.

The road legislation in our country does not clearly state that it is illegal to drive with a towing hook without towing a trailer. Exceptions are cars that have a bicycle rack on the towbar. The towing eye does not need to be RAR approved. However, it must be an already approved part and have a visible label.

Instead, the current Traffic Code provides for certain rules that you need to keep in mind. Thus, a vehicle can tow a single trailer on a public road in Romania. Unattached motorcycles and bicycles can also be towed by a light single-axle trailer. All legal provisions regarding the towing of a trailer YOU CAN FIND THEM HERE.

Drivers who violate legal provisions risk fines and penalty points. In addition, they can also be chosen with a criminal record. They may be charged with the offense of driving a vehicle on public roads with a driving license that does not belong to the category or subcategory to which that vehicle belongs.

Source: Promotor by www.promotor.ro.

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