What to do, what to eat when urine drips?

What can I eat and what can’t?

Caution! Decreased fluid intake does not reduce but increases the feeling of urge to urinate. Therefore, involuntary dripping of urine is not solved by this. Urinary incontinence is the involuntary discharge of urine from the body. In Hungary, more than 600,000 people live with urinary incontinence. For the most part, the older age group of women is at risk for this disease, which often limits daily activities, but even after childbirth, symptoms may occur in younger women.

Research shows that incontinence affects patients’ nutritional status, health, daily life, quality of life. Obesity in young and / or middle-aged people increases the risk of developing severe and persistent incontinence. One common and common complication of obesity is urinary incontinence. This is often due to malnutrition. Malnutrition is considered to be a pathological condition in which there is an absolute or relative lack of energy or at least one essential nutrient.

Malnutrition can be malnutrition or overeating. However, behind malnutrition, uptake values ​​showing malnutrition can also be detected (e.g., intake of few vitamins with more energy). The most common problem is insufficient fluid intake, often accompanied by decreased food intake, insufficient energy intake.

Foods that avoid incontinencemay be advantageous

Eating and drinking can affect urinary incontinence, therefore, it is worth rethinking food selection. Proper diet can help with urinary retention, and avoiding certain foods (foods, drinks) can improve incontinence.


First of all, alcohol should not be mentioned by chance. All alcoholic beverages are dehydrated, meaning they remove water from the body. An increase in the amount of urine also dehydrates, which means more visits to the bathroom. Alcohol also blocks the signals the brain sends to the bladder about when to release urine. People with “urinary incontinence” (also called bladder overactivity) should stop or stop drinking.


Caffeine stimulates the bladder and acts as a diuretic, meaning it produces more urine. If someone consumes less caffeine (coffee, tea, energy drink, cola) or does not consume at all, it helps to control the (over) function of the bladder.

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Chocolate is another cause of an overactive bladder, as it also contains caffeine, but only milk and dark chocolate (white chocolate is decaffeinated). It is advisable to reduce chocolate consumption in the first place, and at least to avoid late-night chocolate loss, a total ban is only justified in the case of obesity. However, replacing chocolate with high-sugar foods / beverages (sweets, soft drinks) is not a solution, as they acidify the body.


Citrus fruits (orange, clementine, green lemon, etc.) and citrus juices (grapefruit juice, lemon juice not on an empty stomach) are acidic. Acidic fruits, fruit – can irritate the bladder, so it is worth reducing their consumption and experiencing the individual sensitivity to whether this waiver can alleviate urinary incontinence. Depending on the individual and also on sensitivity, apples, pineapples, (over) ripe bananas and grapes can produce similar symptoms. Unripe bananas have an alkalizing effect.

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Processed tomatoes are also an acidic food that can trigger symptoms of compulsive incontinence. This is unfortunate news for tomato lovers because it not only produces urine but is irritating in itself. Tomato-based foods such as ketchup, spaghetti sauce, tomato juice and chili also increase leakage.

Too much fluid?

If someone always runs to the bathroom, you can assume that the solution is to drink less. Error! If someone drinks less, the urine becomes very thick, which irritates the bladder. Decreased fluid intake does not reduce but increases the feeling of urge to urinate. There is one exception to this: after 6pm you may want to try to restrain your fluid intake a bit. This makes it less likely that you will have to go out to the bathroom at night.

Blueberries and cranberry juice

Blueberries can help many prevent bladder and urinary tract infections, however, the fruit and juice are acidic and can cause bladder overuse problems in some people. If blueberries are a problem, use should be avoided. There are other benefits to reducing or avoiding the intake of acidic foods and beverages – may help to control heartburn.

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Carbonated drinks

Carbonated drinks can irritate the sensitive bladder. In case of bladder overactivity, it is worth trying to completely give up carbonated drinks (if you fail, minimize their consumption). Carbonated drinks include soft drinks, soda water and other “bubbly” water, but also an alcoholic beverage such as champagne or beer.

Spicy food

Chicken beef, spicy salsa, wasabi. These spicy foods can irritate the bladder. Reducing the pungency, which varies from person to person, can help you have to visit the bathroom less often. To experience the limits of our spice tolerance, it is advisable to keep a detailed nutrition diary.


Sugar and sweeteners can cause bladder symptoms. As detailed above, experiencing the limits of tolerance in several foods can lead to results, as is the case with sweeteners. It varies from individual to individual whether there is a difference between the effects of sweeteners. There should be a break in the use of each sweetener so that the bladder can react to the different sweeteners (sweeteners, formulation).


In case of bladder overactivity, it may be appropriate to avoid consuming raw onions. Cooking is easier for the bladder to process, and if you definitely want to eat it raw, try the shallots instead, which are softer. Eating only a small amount at times can also help.

Dairy products

Depending on individual tolerance, cream, sour cream with a fat content of more than 12%, and fatty cheeses exacerbate the symptoms of an overactive bladder. You should try eating a sour cream substitute or processed, unripened cheese if your bladder does not tolerate the fat-rich dairy product. (Milk and milk products have an acidifying effect.)

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While prunes can help with constipation that accompanies an overactive bladder, it can just irritate the bladder. An effective diet therapy for the treatment of constipation is to increase fiber intake. It is advisable to include high-fiber foods in the diet that support bladder function.

Processed foods

Most of the flavors, preservatives, and additives, that is, E-numbered additives, can irritate the bladder. These compounds should be avoided and the product label should always be read.

Choose less processed products!

Dr. Lelovics Zsuzsanna PhD
clinical dietitians

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