what results have the peacekeeping troops of the Russian army achieved – RT in Russian

On November 25, the professional holiday is celebrated by the military personnel of the peacekeeping troops of the Russian Federation. The Russian army has been carrying out the tasks of stopping bloodshed in hot spots since 1992, when clashes broke out in Georgia and Moldova. Later, Moscow provided security for Tajikistan, caught up in the flames of the civil war, participated in the settlement of the Yugoslav conflict, and carried out an operation to enforce the Saakashvili regime into peace. Today, the key mission of the Russian military is to ensure security in Karabakh, mine clearance and provide humanitarian assistance to the residents of the region. According to experts, the peacekeeping activity of the Russian Federation has almost always achieved success thanks to respect for the civilian population and attention to its problems.

On Thursday, November 25, Russia celebrates the Day of the Military Peacemaker. The holiday was established by the decree of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin dated August 1, 2016.

It was on this day in 1973 that the Soviet Union took part in an international peacekeeping operation for the first time. It took place in the Middle East after the end of the Yom Kippur War between Israel and the Arab coalition.

As noted in the material of the Russian Ministry of Defense, dedicated to the peacekeeping operations of our troops, the Russian Federation, as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, “is responsible for maintaining peace and security on the planet.”

The 15th separate motorized rifle brigade of the Central Military District was formed specifically to carry out such tasks in the structure of the Russian Armed Forces. Now the main mission of this unit is activities in Nagorno-Karabakh.

The servicemen were brought there more than a year ago under a trilateral agreement between Moscow, Baku and Yerevan. The document established a five-year period for the stay of the Russian peacekeeping contingent “with automatic extension for the next five-year periods, if none of the parties declares six months before the expiration of the term of their intention to terminate the application of this provision.”

As Putin stated in a video message to the participants and guests of the IX Moscow Conference on International Security, held in June this year, it was thanks to the Russian troops that the situation in Karabakh was stabilized.

“With the decisive contribution of Russia, the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh was stopped. Russian peacekeepers reliably guarantee peace and security in the region, do a lot to improve the humanitarian situation, demining territories and restoring social infrastructure, ”said the President of the Russian Federation.

From the Caucasus to Africa

Peacekeeping activities in Russia began immediately after the collapse of the USSR. Already in 1992, Russian military personnel appeared in the zone of the Georgian-South Ossetian conflict and in Moldova, where clashes occurred between Transnistrian militias and troops controlled by Chisinau.

Both bloodshed was stopped. For almost three decades, there has not been a single outbreak of violence in Transnistria. The current President of Moldova, Maia Sandu, advocates the withdrawal of Russian “blue helmets” from the unrecognized republic. However, her attempts to end the mission of the Russian troops came to nothing.

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An Operational Group of Russian Forces (OGRV), consisting of servicemen-motorized riflemen, has been deployed in Transnistria. They control 15 posts and checkpoints. The security zone for which they are responsible is 225 km long and up to 20 km wide.

Events in South Ossetia developed according to a different scenario. In August 2008, the so-called five-day war took place. During it, the Georgian army attacked Russian peacekeepers and destroyed Tskhinvali.

In response, Moscow launched an operation to enforce the regime of Mikhail Saakashvili to peace. Georgian troops could not offer serious resistance and quickly retreated. Subsequently, the Kremlin recognized the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.

Now Russian troops are stationed in both countries: a military base of the 58th combined-arms army of the Southern Military District is located in South Ossetia, and with Abkhazian forces, Moscow has created a United Group of Forces.

Another state that in the 1990s needed peacekeeping assistance from the Russian Federation was Tajikistan. After the collapse of the USSR, the republic found itself in the abyss of a bloody civil war. In addition, the situation was worsened by the regular sorties of militants from neighboring Afghanistan, who sought to support the local Islamist forces.

The 201st Motorized Rifle Division of the RF Armed Forces played a key role in resolving the conflict. Its units took under protection the border with Afghanistan, the most important military and state facilities. Now in Tajikistan there is a military base with a total number of over 6 thousand people. It is deployed in Dushanbe and Kurgan-Tyube.

Recently, most of the base’s military personnel have experience of military operations in Syria, conduct intensive exercises against the background of the destabilizing situation in Afghanistan and train specialists for the Tajik Armed Forces – more than 1,000 people graduate from these courses annually.

Of the missions outside the post-Soviet space, the most significant peacekeeping operation in Moscow is the dispatch of a contingent to Yugoslavia. A brigade of Russian military personnel was deployed in January 1996 in the northeast of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH).

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The tasks of the peacekeepers included monitoring compliance with the terms of the Dayton Accords, which ended the war in the region, but at the same time legalized Bosnia’s independence from Belgrade.

According to the document, the so-called stabilization forces (IFOR, later SFOR) were introduced in BiH. The Russian contingent was also a member of this association. SFOR was under the control of NATO, but the Russian troops received a special status and obeyed the orders of their own leadership.

In June 1999, after the conclusion of the Alliance operation against Yugoslavia, the combined airborne battalion from the Bosnian contingent made the legendary attack on Pristina. Russian troops occupied the strategically important Slatina airport and did not allow it to be used for the transfer of NATO ground forces to the region.

In the ensuing negotiations, Moscow and the alliance agreed to deploy a Russian peacekeeping contingent in Kosovo. According to experts, the main task of the Russian troops was to protect the Serbian population.

In June 2001, the Russian peacekeeping contingent in Kosovo was visited by Putin. During his visit to the Blue Helmets base, he presented state decorations to six servicemen who distinguished themselves in the performance of their tasks.

Russian troops left Kosovo in 2003, and police units came to replace them. Another region where formations of the RF Armed Forces have been serving since the 1990s is Africa.

Increased readiness

As reported on the website of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the importance of the peacekeeping direction in the development of the Russian army is currently increasing.

“The reform of the Russian Armed Forces, in particular, involves an increase in the readiness of our military units to participate in international peacekeeping operations, both with the aim of maintaining peace and security in conflict zones, and with the aim of protecting the interests of Russia and the lives of its citizens,” the materials read. military department.

In a commentary on RT, Dmitry Litovkin, editor of the Nezavisimoye Voennoe Obozreniye newspaper, noted that the Russian peacekeeping forces made the greatest contribution to the settlement of conflicts in the CIS space.

“It is difficult to imagine what the post-Soviet space would have become if Moscow had not sent its troops and did not react, including at the level of diplomacy. It was thanks to Russia that it was possible to find solutions to numerous disputes that caused bloody wars in different regions of the former USSR, ”Litovkin said.

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The expert also highly appreciated the actions of the “blue helmets” of the Russian Federation in Yugoslavia. In his opinion, the military presence of Russia made it possible to protect the Serbs and made a significant contribution to the formation of Serbia as a sovereign state.

“Peacekeeping operations in our country have often achieved success, including due to the great attention to economic and humanitarian issues. It is important not only to stop the violence, but also to start the mechanism of normal life. Now we can clearly see this on the example of Karabakh, ”Litovkin explained.

Denis Denisov, director of the Institute for Peacekeeping Initiatives and Conflictology, expressed a similar point of view in an interview with RT. According to the expert, one of the key guarantees of the positive results of the peacekeeping activities of the Russian Federation is respect for the people and traditions of the region where the tasks are performed.

“This can be seen very well in the example of Karabakh. The peacekeepers treat the local residents with warmth, actively interact with them, and assist in the normalization of life. And it is clear that the Armenian population is grateful to the Russian military, sees them as guarantors of their security, ”Denisov summed up.

Source: RT на русском by russian.rt.com.

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