They are the largest hairy and poisonous spiders. But, according to the Guinness Record, there is a very particular. The Theraphosa Blondi, known as Goliath, is the largest tarantula in the world. It is a specimen typical of the jungles of northern South America that stands out for its enormous size that allows it to even feed on birds. Some people keep them as pets, which in addition to an illegal trade that affects the species, is risky for the owner.
A large size and other features
The Goliath tarantula can measure between 28 and 30 centimeters and weigh more than 100 grams. This is only slightly less than the giant huntress, a species with the longest legs. The Goliath tarantula, however, is considered the largest in the world because its body is more voluminous. Its thorax is considerably longer and wider.
Like all tarantulas, its body is covered in stinging hairs, which serve as a defense against predators. On the abdomen they have irritating hairs that they throw at their prey when hunting or to defend themselves. They have fangs that are 2 to 3.8 centimeters long. Although he has eight eyes, his eyesight is very poor.
Their diet is mainly based on cockroaches, centipedes, insects and beetles. But, there are times when they can also consume lizards, small rodents, and some birds.
The natural habitat
This species is distributed by the equatorial jungles of northern South America. It is found in countries such as Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela and Bolivia. It prefers humid environments, with climates between rainy and warm.
Female Goliath tarantulas are larger than males. When they feel in danger, they brush their feet until they emit a hiss, known as stridulation. They are nocturnal, make burrows under the ground or use those abandoned by other spiders. Males are always free.
When hunting, they pounce on their victim to stab their fangs and paralyze them with their venom. Despite this, its venom is not fatal to humans, although the wounds are painful and with effects such as nausea and sweating.
Their color varies in shades of brown and they may have some darker stripes on their legs. If at any time one of its legs breaks, during the molting process it can regenerate. They can live up to 25 years in captivity.
This spider is a very famous species in the exotic pet trade, for this reason it is often sold illegally.
Source: okdiario.com by okdiario.com.
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