What is the function of Starlink satellites? – Space


Elon Musk, the founder of SpaceX and one of the richest people in the world, is famous for implementing unconventional projects that, in the long term, are to benefit not only the wealth of his portfolio, but the entire world’s population. One of his recent ventures is the telecommunications satellite system called “Starlink”, which involves launching satellites of the same name into low Earth orbit. What is their function and how are they going to benefit humanity?

What is the Starlink project?

The presence of artificial satellites in Earth’s orbit is not a new phenomenon, as they have been actively involved in fast data transmission for many years, e.g. when using GPS navigation or satellite television. The SpaceX project was initiated with similar goals – Starlink satellites the ultimate goal is to provide super-fast internet to every user in the world, regardless of latitude. The idea itself is not unique, but the attention of the entire space industry is attracting something completely different. Elon Musk surprised the world with the momentum with which he places the Starlink satellites in low Earth orbit.

Satelity Starlink a plany SpaceX

The first Starlink satellites were launched into space in May 2019 and since then many of us can witness an interesting phenomenon in the sky. I am talking about the “space train”, that is, small points of light that are heading in a compact array towards the Earth’s orbit. These are just satellites from SpaceX, which are to provide the Internet around the globe, wirelessly. The ambitions of the American company reach, nomen omen, cosmic values, because the project assumes placing 12 thousand people in low Earth orbit. satellites by 2027.

Starlink system and potential problems

The SpaceX satellites are relatively light (about 250 kg) and are equipped with solar panels to generate energy. It is their presence that makes objects reflect light and are clearly visible in the sky, especially before dawn and after dusk. This is quite a disadvantage for astronomers and astrophysicists who conduct observations aimed at locating objects that potentially threaten the safety of our planet’s inhabitants. The presence of Starlink satellites also makes it difficult to research new planets. SpaceX, in response to concerns among space researchers, is constantly working on the implementation of technology that will reduce the reflection of light from satellites as much as possible.

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