What is seasonal depression, its symptoms, when it occurs, and ways to treat it

After the approach of the autumn and winter season, which comes with the beginning of November, and you feel a slight cold in the air, and the leaves of the trees yellow, and they begin to fall, and you start to feel lonely because the streets are empty of pedestrians, and this weather is special for many, but others feel some sadness, distress and bad mood , which is called seasonal depression .

According to some scientific studies, nearly 20% of the world’s population suffers from seasonal depressionAccording to Dr. Helen Richard, Head of the Psychiatric Disorders Unit at the University Hospital in Geneva, she described the symptoms and signs of feeling a bad mood, especially during the period between summer, autumn and winter.

What is the seasonal depression

Dr. Helen Richard continued, saying that seasonal depressionIt is a state of depression, which appears to coincide with the beginning of the fall season and the fall season, and it occurs with people who feel sensitive to the lack of lighting, due to the frequent increase in the hours of the night more than the hours of the day, in addition to the fact that the streets are quiet, and free of pedestrians, which makes them They feel very lonely.

Symptoms are similar seasonal depression, with the symptoms of regular “classic” depression, which are:

  • Feeling sad without any reason.
  • Concentration and memory problems.
  • Lack of self confidence.
  • Constant worry for no apparent reason.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Desire to sleep for long periods.

seasonal depression hormones (serotonin and melatonin)

He came up with a lot of scientific studies on the causes seasonal depressionAnd some common points were reached between these studies, according to which the main reason is due to the lack of light, due to the effect on the biological clock, which is responsible for many tasks within the human body.

The importance and function of the biological clock:

Biological clock

The biological clock has an influential role that makes you prey seasonal depressionAnd it has a number of functions within the human body:

  • The number of hours of sleep, and the timing of sleep as well.
  • Serotonin production: It is a chemical produced by the body, and also acts as a neurotransmitter exchanged by nerve endings inside the brain, which is responsible for mood disorders, anxiety and depression.
  • Production of the hormone melatonin: a hormone that plays a major role in the human body, and is responsible for the sleep process, as it increases its production in the brain by a large amount at night while it is secreted in small quantities during the day.


Source: مصر فايف by misr5.com.

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