What is mathematical ecology?

mathematical ecology, is a mixture of both sciences to apply theorems and mathematical formulas and thus solve the problems of living beings with their habitat; itself is a branch of biology, which is based on it to formulate mathematical statements.

For example, the predator, the prey and the growth of living beings are studied; Through the application of formulas pre-established by mathematics, it is possible to reach real results of said interaction.

biological math, also known as mathematical biology or biomathematics; the use of mathematics in ecology to arrive at statistics, in different studies of living beings; the methods used are the same as those applied to other disciplines.

Biological systems in mathematical ecology are seen as equations, and by solving these equations by analytical and numerical means, it is possible to predict how the studied system will behave, with a minimum margin of error.

The word ecology comes from the Greek “eco” meaning house and “logos” meaning study. And it is the science that studies living beings at their different levels of organization and their interrelationships between them and with the environment.

Living beings are in permanent contact with each other and with the physical environment in which they live. Ecology analyzes how each element of an ecosystem affects the other components and how it is affected.

It is a science of synthesis, because in order to understand the complex network of relationships that exist in an ecosystem, it takes knowledge of botany, zoology, physiology, genetics and other disciplines such as physics, chemistry and geology.

In 1869, the German biologist Ernst Hacker coined the term ecology, referring to the Greek origin of the word (oikos, house; logos, science, study, treatise). As Haeckel understood, ecology should address the study of a species in its biological relationships with the environment.

Other scientists subsequently dealt with the environment in which each species lives and its symbiotic and antagonistic relationships with others.

Around 1925, August Thienemann, Charles Elton and others promoted community ecology. They worked with concepts such as the food chain, or the pyramid of species, in which the number of individuals progressively decreases from the bottom to the top, from plants to herbivorous and carnivorous animals.

Auxiliary sciences of ecology Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics and Geography.

Chemical ecology = studies the composition of matter and its transformations

physical ecology = studies matter and energy.

Ecosystems
The ecosystem is a relatively autonomous dynamic system formed by a natural community and its physical environment. The concept, which began to develop in the 1920s and 1930s, takes into account the complex interactions between organisms and plants.


Source: Diario Ecologia by diarioecologia.com.

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