Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, two masses of oval tissue located behind the neck – each amygdala on one side. The signs and symptoms of tonsillitis are inflamed tonsils, sore throat, difficulty swallowing and painful lymph nodes in the throat.
A common disease that almost anyone has encountered at least once in their life, tonsillitis is more than a common sore throat. Each swallow is a real torment, and often this sharp pain is accompanied by other factors that make the situation worse.
Although it is often treated lightly and as a condition that can go away with hot tea and honey, tonsillitis is very serious and should be treated with the help of an ENT specialist.
What is tonsillitis
Tonsillitis, also known as angina or “red throat”, is a contagious disease – more common in children – that manifests itself by infection or inflammation of the palatine tonsils, a sign that pathogens are gaining ground, that the “barrier” represented by tonsils is about to give up.
It can be easily recognized by the stinging pain in the neck, but also with the naked eye, because the tonsils turn red, increase in volume and sometimes have white spots on their surface with pus (in the case of pultaceous tonsillitis).
Most cases of tonsillitis are found in children between the ages of 6 and 12, but this does not mean that it is a condition that bypasses adults. Anyone can suffer from this condition several times throughout their life.
Why infects the tonsils?
The tonsils are the first line of defense of the immune system against bacteria and viruses that enter the oral cavity. This function can make the tonsils especially vulnerable to infection and inflammation. However, the tonsil’s immune system shrinks after puberty – a factor that translates into the rarity of cases of tonsillitis in adults.
Doctor Remus Mihalcea about the types of tonsillitis
“First of all, the type of tonsillitis or angina must be determined. There are two types: acute or chronic.
The acute ones are divided into several classes, the best known being acute pultaceous tonsillitis, when, at the level of the tonsils, we have those deposits of whitish material, which is the purulent infection. It is usually associated with fever, altered general condition, difficulty swallowing. At that time, or until that moment, it would be better to consult a specialist to follow a correct treatment and not to self-medicate at home, so as not to develop complications. The most common complication is periamygdalian phlegmon, which requires a different approach and hospitalization.
If we talk about a chronic tonsillitis, the most common symptom is “embarrassment in the throat”. Also, for a correct diagnosis, we must consult a specialist, whether ENT, or even a family doctor.
As investigations we have to do a videofibroscopic examination, if we can, and a set of blood tests. Possibly a pharyngeal exudate if it can be harvested in the respective office “, Remus Mihalcea told in the show Sfaturi de santéă.
“The moment is set by the specialist doctor. Several factors are taken into account, such as repeated infections, more than 3-4 infections per year for 2-3 consecutive years and a pharyngeal exudate correlated with blood tests, in which we must follow certain parameters.
In children, it would be ideal to make a reduction of the tonsils, of the tonsils, in order not to remove them completely and to keep their role and function until the age of 14. I repeat, they have a role in immunity, up to somewhere between 14-16 years. After that, they lose their role in protecting the body “, the ENT doctor also specified.
The risk of surgery
“There are interoperative complications that are very rare and occur as a result of anatomical abnormalities at the local level. For example, if we have a larger blood vessel in the amygdala, or a pit behind the amygdala, when it is removed, we can damage that vessel and have more heavy bleeding. Diffuse bleeding may also occur in patients with a coagulation factor deficiency. There are no post-operative risks “, concluded Remus Mihalcea.
Natural treatment for tonsillitis
Over time, several natural treatments have been used to treat tonsillitis. Among the most used, we can mention:
- Propolis tincture
- Methyl blue
- Lemon honey
- Black radish syrup with honey
- Neck compress with a mixture of grated potatoes with medicinal alcohol
- Chamomile tea, lime, marigold, onion, mint or ginger sweetened with honey and drunk warm, not hot. Hot drinks can further irritate the throat, despite popular belief that they help treat tonsillitis.
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