Not everyone knows, but the aquarium plants play a very important role in the welfare and health of fish. These delicate plants that populate our home aquariums, not only serve to improve the appearance of the tank and make the environment more pleasing to the eye, but also act as hiding places for their inhabitants, but also create a healthier environment for the fish. and for other aquatic animals.
Very often, when we buy a tank, inside we find fake aquarium plants, generally made of colored plastic. We might think that, even if they are not real aquarium plants, they are a “nice” and simple solution for decorating the environment.
In reality, as we shall see, this is not exactly the case.
Furnish an aquarium with fake and purely ornamental plants it removes the possibility of enriching the environment with useful elements of vegetation. To avoid the risk of making mistakes, it is always wise to rely on expert advice. However, it can also be useful to know some basic rules for equipping your aquarium with plants that are useful and beneficial for the environment and for the small creatures that populate it.
What are plants for in an aquarium?
In addition to a purely ornamental purpose, the presence of plants in a gold or tropical fish tank is always useful and beneficial. The vegetation, in fact, oxygenates the water and absorbs waste substances, while also limiting the proliferation of algae.
The plants also allow to keep the ecosystem that characterizes each aquarium in perfect harmony, absorb CO2 and return oxygen, keep the water clean from toxins and bacteria, reinforcing the action of the special mechanical filter.
By providing nourishment to the environment, vegetation will consequently promote the well-being and health of the fish.
The right position
Where to put plants in an aquarium? First, for plants to grow and perform their functions, it is essential that they receive enough light, to be evaluated according to the different varieties.
Light, let’s not forget, is essential for the to happen photosynthesiswhich is important for aquarium plants as well as “ground” plants.
As we have mentioned, however, not all plants need the same amount of light, so it will be important to inquire with the seller, then place the plants according to specific needs. Those that need more hours of light, for example, should be placed in the foreground, while those that require less can be installed in the background.
Different types of aquatic plants
Usually we tend to distinguish two types of aquarium vegetation, namely the fast growing aquarium plants and those a slow growth. Respectively, the former have the task of enriching the substrate over time, while the latter have the important function of absorbing harmful substances.
The ideal would be to place both types of plants in the same environment, in order to derive all the positive effects of both varieties.
How to insert plants in the aquarium?
Enter and planting plants inside the aquarium it is a simple operation, but it requires a moment of patience and attention. First, the plants are removed from the jar and gently rinsed, trying to separate the stems. This operation is very important.
To do this you will have to immerse the seedlings for about 8 hours in a tub with water at room temperature, completely changing the water at least 4 times.
After that you will have to rinse the plants with warm water tap. By doing this, you will be able to eliminate any traces of pesticides, substances that are potentially harmful or even lethal to the animals living in your aquarium.
After this operation, you can place the plants on the bottom prepared with stones or gravel, making sure that there is a certain distance between them.
The procedure can be performed before populating the aquarium, or when the aquarium has already started, but having the foresight to move the fish to another tank during the positioning of the new plants.
10 easy-to-grow aquarium plants
And at this point, let’s see some examples of aquarium plants that are beautiful to look at, useful for enriching the ecosystem and above all easy to manage.
It is a plant with evident decorative qualities. The plant is available both in the standard version and in the dwarf version (bonsai), and can be planted both on the ground and, even better, on a wood or on a decorative rock. It is in fact one of the so-called true plants for aquariums without the need for a fertile bottom.
This name encompasses several varieties of fast growing plants. The bacopa they are suitable for beginners, have rounded leaves and adapt to different light conditions and habitats.
Due to its appearance, the Bolbitis resembles a water fern. It is a real slow growing aquarium plant, a plant that comes from Africa. Bolbitis are also considered to be excellent plants for a aquarium with goldfish.
This plant will be great for purify the aquarium and, at the same time, decorate it with discreet elegance. The plant is characterized by stems that, in nature, can grow up to 3 meters in length. This is an easy to grow aquarium plant that is ideal for beginners.
Slow-growing plant, the Cryptocoryne Wendtii it has an important root system. This vegetable needs a good one fertilization of the fund, since it is from it that it draws most of the nutrients necessary for a flourishing development.
L’Egeria Dense it is able to adapt to any conditions. It is probably one of the most ubiquitous plants in aquariums, as it represents an excellent indicator that indicates any lack of nutrients in the environment.
Plant coming from Malaysia, theHygropila Polisperma it manages to grow both submerged and emerged. It is a vegetable with limited needs, although it tends to grow better when exposed to abundant amounts of light.
Plant of Asian origin, the Limnophila sessiliflora it is considered both an aquatic and a land species. This plant is able to adapt to different depths. The plant can even reach 40 centimeters in height, so it will be suitable for a rather large aquarium.
Very fast growing plant, the Vallisneria Gigantea it is inevitable when it comes to the sale of aquarium plants. Like the other plants we have listed, this species is also able to adapt to many environments, it can reach considerable heights.
Aegagropila city no
Finally, more than a plant we want to talk about a very particular algae, namely the “Cladophora“, Aegagropila linnaei, also known as”inside”, A ball-shaped alga that, with the right attention, can certainly make the environment of your home aquarium more“ curious ”.
You can insert it as if it were moss, tying it to a rock or decorative wood. In addition to being suitable for creating suggestive aquatic landscapes, this particular alga is also suitable for most fish and crustaceans.
How to keep plants in an aquarium?
If this is the first time you approach the world ofaquarium, you must know that those reported are plants suitable for novice novices. However, it is not enough to insert plants into the environment to ensure a luxuriant development.
Like many plants, aquatic plants also need care, light, nutrients and fertilizers. Without these, the plant would die, as it would lack essential nutrients.
Ask your trusted supplier for advice, in order to choose the most suitable products for both plants and animals living in the aquarium. Also, remember to position your plants according to your lighting needs, for more lush growth.
How many plants can be placed in the aquarium?
And we come to one of the questions that aquarists most often ask themselves: how many plants to put in the aquarium? Excessive vegetation could make the environment unlivable for the fish, compromising their health.
It is therefore necessary to rely on some factors, such as the tank capacity in liters and the number of fishas well as the type and the particular needs of the animals, present inside.
To facilitate the calculation, you can consider the length of the aquarium in centimeters, multiply by the width and divide by 50. By doing this calculation, you will get the number of plants sufficient to insert in the environment. However, keep in mind that many jars contain more than one plant.
How much do aquarium plants cost?
Depending on the variety, the cost of an aquarium plant can vary a lot. Generally the best known and most common cost from 4 to 6 euros.
Why avoid fake plants?
As you may have noticed, the list of plants to grow in the aquarium is very long. The ones we have reported are just some of the most common and easy to manage, so there is really plenty of choice.
Each of these plants can enrich the aquarium with beneficial substances for the ecosystem. We certainly cannot say the same for the fake plantswhich offer none of the benefits we have just seen.
In addition, keep in mind that plastic plants tend to quickly become covered with little decorative algae, and – a factor to be taken into consideration – they can release plastics, toxic substances and dyes into the water.
In short, we certainly do not want to create a Dutch aquarium overnight, but it is certainly wiser and more satisfying to insert real plants in the aquarium, always taking into account both the needs of the plant and, of course, those of your fish.
Source: GreenStyle by www.greenstyle.it.
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