November 12 is the 316th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 49 days remaining until the end of the year. In the XX and XXI centuries, this day corresponds to October 30 of the Julian calendar.
What holiday on November 12 / photo UNIAN
This day marks the World Pneumonia Day.
In the USA – Elizabeth Cady Stanton Day, French Sandwich Day, Pizza Day with everything except anchovies, Decorative Mice and Rats Day, Happy Hour Day, Chicken Broth for the Soul Day, in Indonesia – Father’s Day, Health Day , in Azerbaijan – Constitution Day, in Taiwan – Cultural Renaissance Day, Doctor’s Day, in the Comoros – Mahora Day, in Mexico – Juana Ines de la Cruz’s Birthday.
Memorable dates of November 12, anniversaries and events
November 12, 1717 German alchemist, physician, mechanic and legendary swindler-adventurer Johann Ernst Elias Bessler-Orfireus (1680-1745) in the presence of famous physicists demonstrated to his patron Landgrave Karl Hessen-Kasselsky (1670-1730) invented by him. Everything was furnished very solidly. Bessler-Orfireus launched his “invention”.
After starting the car, it was locked, and after checking two weeks later, we made sure that the engine rotates at the same speed. Two months later, the inspection was repeated. The wheel was still spinning, and the speed did not decrease one turn. When the general public learned of this, the fame of Orphireus resounded throughout Europe. But he carefully hid the secret of his device. The inventor wanted to sell his “perpetual motion machine” for one hundred thousand thalers (about two and a half million dollars at the current rate) and did not agree to reveal the secret of the invention to anyone.
At the slightest suspicion, at the slightest hint that they wanted to steal the secret, Johann Bessler destroyed the drawings and prototypes and moved to another city. Not surprisingly, many considered him a fraud or a madman. During seven years of active experiments (1712-1719) Bessler built more than three hundred prototypes of two models of the “eternal engine”. In the first prototypes, the wheel rotated only in one direction, and to stop it, you need to make a significant effort, in the later – the shaft could rotate in any direction and stopped quite easily. None of Bezsler’s designs were simply energy-self-sufficient.
There was enough energy to do some work: for example, lifting weights. In 1727, his maid stated that all of Bezler’s mechanisms were set in motion manually. Her testimony was later found to be unreliable, but the inventor’s reputation was lost forever. In subsequent years, all attempts by the inventor to sell his creation, disguising it as a more familiar to the average person devices, were unsuccessful. Whether Bezler was a swindler, a genius engineer, or a madman is unknown. The principles of operation of its engines are not exactly known. However, even today many believe that Johann Bessler managed to build an “eternal engine” in the early eighteenth century, the mystery of which sank in the summer.
In 1784, James Sadler took to the air in Oxford on a charler – so-called balloons with shells filled with hydrogen. He became the first English aeronaut.
In 1847, the first public demonstration of the use of chloroform as an anesthetic took place. This was done by scientist James Simpson of the University of Edinburgh.
In 1859, in Paris, circus artist Jules Leotard first showed a number on an air trapeze.
In 1910, the first movie stunt was recorded – a stuntman jumped into the Hudson from a burning balloon.
In 1933, the first photograph of the alleged Loch Ness monster was published.
In 1952, Anne Davison, the first woman to cross the Atlantic Ocean alone, set sail on a seven-meter Felicity Ann sloop.
In 1957, the British Post and Telegraph Office announced plans to introduce postal codes.
In 1980, the American automatic interplanetary station Voyager 1, sent into space on September 5, 1977, crossed the orbit of Saturn, passing at a distance of 124,000 km and 4,500 km from its satellite Titan.
In 1989, the first helicopter was built, built of composite materials and powered by human muscle power – “Da Vinci III”.
What a church holiday today
On November 12, the Orthodox Church honors the memory of the holy martyr Zinovia, Bishop of the Aegean, and his martyr sister Zinovia. Other names of the holiday: “3inovy”, “Zinovy Day”, “Sinitsyn Day”.
What not to do today
Try not to hold a grudge against people. On this day, everything should be forgiven. You also can not swear, otherwise you will be out of luck. Do not refuse people if you are asked for salt.
Signs on November 12
Folk signs today / Photo ua.depositphotos.com
From time immemorial there are weather signs on this day:
- the tits flew to the house in a flock – wait for the frosts;
- groats are pouring from the sky – soon a severe frost will strike;
- birds peck at the bark of trees – to rain and humidity.
Birthday on November 12
Birthdays of Artem, Anastasia, Stepan, Elena, Alexander and Maxim.
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Source: Інформаційне Агентство УНІАН by www.unian.ua.
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