At the international conference in Genoa to promote post-war consolidation and resolve the difficult economic and financial situation, Prime Minister István Bethlen will make a presentation, which will be published in the press on 14 April. He states: “As a result of the fragmentation of Hungary, millions of Hungarians – one third of the sons of the Hungarian nation – have come under the rule of neighboring states.” He points out that one of the main criteria for peace in Europe is that the states that have gained territory from Hungary also comply with the provisions of the peace treaty regarding the protection of national and religious minorities. The situation, however, is that “despite the minority protection provided by treaties and special agreements, these states are forcing detached Hungarians to abandon their stoves en masse, restricting their assets, leading to paralysis of economic recovery and reduced productive capital. Moral peace also commands the full enforcement of the protection of minority rights. ” According to him, the restoration of normal relations between the countries is hindered by the unresolved issue of minorities, as the precondition for peaceful contact is trust, which cannot be created in this way.
On the proposal of the Hungarian Prime Minister, the subcommittee dealing with the issue of minorities will make a tough statement on the protection of national minority rights, after Hungary has not been included in the board in an absurd manner. “It would be necessary for the meeting to call in a resolution on all states in Central Europe to put an immediate end to all violations of private property, all confiscations and expropriations, all seizures and requisitions that take place for political reasons – sometimes admittedly, sometimes secretly. Hungary has suffered many grievances with regard to the private property of Hungarians living in neighboring states. ” The petition points out that, of course, a distinction must be made between Hungarian citizens and those who are citizens of a foreign, neighboring country but belong to the Hungarian minority. However, the measures are detrimental to both groups. “Their goal is to financially destroy the Hungarian element in that country.” They point out that, in its consequences, “these measures are also detrimental to the general economic interest.” The news agency’s report then lists the specific grievances and disenfranchisement in the neighboring states in the memorandum as “the Romanian agrarian reform voted for Transylvania, which allows the Romanian authorities to treat the Hungarian authorities in a manner equivalent to confiscation under social passwords. Owners of expropriated land can receive only 8 percent of the value of their property as compensation. […] The law, which only applies to Transylvania, has a clear purpose, as 81% of the land in Transylvania is Hungarian. ” The memorandum quotes the Romanian Minister of Agriculture, who openly said: “The land, which is largely in the hands of Hungarian middle-class landowners, must be taken away and given to Romanian peasants if they have enough cultivated land. It must be possible for the estates thus obtained to be sold, so that a new Romanian middle class can attack. ‘ As they point out, “the memorandum then describes the basic provisions of the Czech agrarian reform and states that the situation there is little different from that in Transylvania. Until the law is fully implemented, both the Romanians and the Czechs will deprive landowners of the right to alienate them and most of the Hungarian estates will be leased out at ridiculous prices. No agrarian reform has yet been carried out in Yugoslavia, but confusing and often contradictory regulations guarantee the right to expel Hungarian landowners. ” In every successor state, Hungarians are tried to be expelled from their homeland in disguise and dramatic statistics are published. “In addition to outright deportation, there is also covert deportation, when all kinds of harassment make it impossible for Hungarians to make a living and force them to emigrate. According to the data of the Hungarian Asylum Office, 135,390 Hungarians were forced to flee to Hungary from Romania, 56,957 from the Czech Republic and 37,456 from Yugoslavia. It would be desirable for the meeting to call on the successor states to put an immediate end to the system of expulsions and harassment and to allow refugees to return to their abandoned stoves. ”
State leaders at the Genoa conference Photo: Wikipedia
“Count Bethlen’s success in the minority issue,” says Pest Hírlap on April 13, following the Dutch Hollandsch Nieuws-Bureau. As reported, “Count István Bethlen, the Hungarian Prime Minister, achieved great personal and moral success yesterday when his motion to send a special subcommittee to discuss the protection of minorities was adopted. Benes wanted to prevent the motion from being discussed if he explained that the issue was not before the Genoa Conference but with the League of Nations. Thanks to the impartiality of President Facta, the presidency, after a brief exchange of views with Lloyd George and Barthou, put the motion to the vote and even advocated referring the matter to a subcommittee. The representatives of the great powers immediately realized Benes’s intention, which was to bring the issue of the protection of minorities before a forum in which Hungary has no representative, the alliance of peoples. ”
Once again, Mihály Károlyi, the former revolutionary prime minister and then the president of the republic under the communion, gives news about himself. The 8 Hour Newspaper writes on April 16: “Károlyi Mihály IV. He used the death of King Charles to attack the territorial integrity of the country. He presented the solution to the royal question to the public as detrimental to peace in Europe and wants to convince the little one […]that the only correct form of state is the republic, with Charles in the lead, of course. ” The paper reviews an interview with Agramer Tagblatt from Zagreb, in which he says: “The last king of Hungary crowned with the crown of St. Stephen has been buried, no one is sworn in. Any movement that wants to put Habsburg on the throne of Hungary, whatever it is, is a revenge movement. ” He explains: “Those who are working to rebuild Europe and want to restore balance by peaceful means cannot tolerate the re-establishment of the kingdom in Hungary, whether Habsburg comes or another national or imported king.”
Although the term climate change does not appear in the news, it is an article about extremely variable times in the press. The 8-Hour Newspaper reports on April 12, “It is uncertain whether the abnormal weather will change,” and “There has been no such April for many years.” They explain, “After a sharply frosty winter and an unexpected early spring, the weather has turned into a sad, damp rain. In April of another year, there are beautiful sunny spring days, bushes and trees bloom in nature, and sown seeds sprout in the fields. ” They continue: more unpredictable than ever before, and snowy rain greeted with cold wind that day as well. The weather is so extreme not only in Hungary, but also elsewhere. “However, this strange and capricious weather not only blesses the countryside of Hungary, but extends to the whole of Europe.” The Meteorological Institute is also clueless about the causes of abnormal weather. “The causes of the whimsical and changing April weather are unknown to us. The fact that cold and rain alternate in such a dense sequence can be attributed to the continuous fluctuations of maximum and minimum depression. We have not had such an April for many years, because the general symptom this month has always been that spring arrived in Hungary earlier than later. The temperature is 3 to 4 to 5 and even more than normal every day. ”
Source: Magyar Nemzet by magyarnemzet.hu.
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