After acknowledging the wasting of Egypt’s water rights, the Minister of Water Resources of the coup government came out to admit that “the Renaissance Dam is a disaster for millions of Egyptians, and the lack of water will affect millions of Egyptians, especially the agricultural sector, and threaten peace in Africa.”
Mohamed Abdel-Aty, Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation in the coup government, added that “water scarcity and climatic changes make water management more difficult in Egypt, noting that any water shortage will affect workers in the agricultural sector, cause social problems and destabilize security in the region.”
A statement by the prime minister of the coup quoted “Abdel-Aty” as saying, when receiving the US government’s water expert, Matthew Parks, that “Egypt is very sensitive to any unilateral measures.”
He said that “Egypt showed great flexibility during the negotiations, and the Ethiopian side is suggesting that it is obliged to fill it as a construction necessity and for the purpose of generating electricity, which is contrary to the truth.”
He added that “Ethiopia is deliberately issuing false statements and managing the dam unilaterally, which has caused damage to the two downstream countries.”
Second filling completed
And the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that the second filling of the Renaissance Dam took place in the quantity that was previously scheduled, which is 13.5 billion cubic meters, adding that this filling did not harm Egypt and Sudan, but they – that is, the two countries – do not want to recognize this.
Although there was an official letter sent by Ethiopia before that to the Ministries of Irrigation in Egypt and Sudan, which included its decision to start storage and the second filling this July, in two phases, with a quantity of 13.5 billion cubic meters. However, Egyptian experts confirmed that “these allegations are incorrect, and that Addis Ababa did not store more than 4 billion cubic meters in the second filling, which lasted only two weeks.
Mohamed Nasr Allam, former Minister of Irrigation, said that “Ethiopia has the right to say whatever it wants, but the fact that we know well and is consistent with logic and reality, says that the height of the middle passage of the dam currently, which is 574 meters and has been proven by satellite images, will not accommodate more than 8.5 billion billion cubic meters of stored water, adding that Ethiopia stored 4.9 billion cubic meters in the first filling, and therefore will not be able in any way to store more than 3.6 billion cubic meters in the second filling, to match the current height of the middle corridor of the dam.
Is Ethiopia preparing for the third filling?
Three weeks ago, a source in the Sudanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that Ethiopia had begun to raise the middle passage of the Renaissance Dam, and to put concrete walls in preparation for the third filling of the dam.
With speculation increasing about this, Egypt and Sudan are still insisting on the need to negotiate a binding and legal agreement on filling and operating that guarantees the rights of the two countries, as Abdel Fattah El-Sisi stressed, during his meeting yesterday evening, Sunday, with Austrian Chancellor Alexander Schallenberg on the sidelines of participation in the United Nations Climate Change Summit in Britain. Egypt attaches top priority to its historical rights to the waters of the Nile River, as an existential issue that requires the international community to make all possible efforts to reach a binding legal agreement on the rules for filling and operating the dam.
Dr. Abbas Sharaki, a water expert, confirms that filling the dam’s reservoir begins during the rainy season, which lasts from June to September every year, and the level of storage is related to the height of the middle corridor of the dam, and therefore it is not possible to start any construction in this corridor during the rains or the increasing possibilities of their falling .
According to what the expert revealed, any construction in the Renaissance Dam could start from this November, and this is done by draining part of the water to dry the middle passage, adding that concrete works to raise the corridor could start next February to reach a height of 20 meters, and reach a water level 595 meters, so that 10.5 billion cubic meters can be stored, bringing the total storage next summer to 18.5 billion cubic meters.
The dam stock is declining
Sharaki revealed that satellite images from the dam site confirm the continued decline of the stockpile, and reveal that the two low drainage gates are still closed since mid-August, explaining that some small islands that were submerged in water began to unfold with the increase in the level of the lake.
Last September, the UN Security Council urged Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan to resume African Union-led talks to reach a binding agreement within a reasonable time frame on the operation of the Renaissance Dam, and the Security Council, in an official statement, called on the three countries to move forward with the process of negotiations led by the African Union in a constructive manner. It is based on cooperation, and the prompt completion of the text of an agreement acceptable and binding on the parties regarding the filling and operation of the Renaissance Dam within a reasonable time frame. Egypt and Sudan had requested the Council’s assistance in resolving the dispute after Ethiopia began filling the dam’s reservoir in July for the second year in a row.
Waste water is the solution!
After the official water wealth has been lost, the military state is trying to find alternatives, including searching for partners to invest in an initiative to build more than ten sewage desalination plants in the governorates by 2025.
The coup government officials plan to construct 17 new stations, each of which will be built, owned and operated by the Egyptian sovereign wealth fund in partnership with a group of local and foreign investors.
Egypt needs about 114 billion cubic meters of water every year to meet the needs of more than 100 million people, and decided to address the shortage with steps that include recycling wastewater and groundwater and importing additional food instead of irrigating more crops.
The coup country decided to operate 76 desalination plants capable of producing approximately 832,000 cubic meters per day as of May, according to the Al-Ahram website.
Source: بوابة الحرية والعدالة by fj-p.com.
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