Deep poverty, Roma origin, state care are the biggest risk factors in the sexual exploitation of children, according to the country report of ECPAT and the Hintalovon Foundation.
Child victims are in most cases disadvantaged, have poor family backgrounds and belong to marginalized social groups. Physical, psychological, emotional violence, and neglect were also often part of their lives even before they became victims. 64 percent of the victims of sexual trafficking – Hungarians identified in the EU – are children, 7.4 percent of them are under 11 years of age. According to the US State Department’s 2019 and 2020 reports on human trafficking, Hungary does not meet the regulatory minimum required to combat human trafficking in a number of key areas. Most victims of sexual exploitation come from the most backward regions of the country. Children in public care are at increased risk of becoming victims. In recent years, great attention has also been paid to sexual exploitation in the online space, for which incorrect terminology is still used in Hungary. Legislation to punish this behavior under the definition and facts of “child pornography”. In connection with the Kaleta case, it became clear that there is no uniform practice in Hungarian courts in the field of sanctioning the crime of “child pornography”. According to a study of more than 9,000 adolescents under the age of 18, 39 percent of adolescents have already been asked for an erotic image in an online chat. The study also covers the domestic manifestations of forced marriage and exploitation in the field of tourism. In addition to particularly vulnerable groups, it discusses the shortage of professionals and critical points in the child protection system, but also takes into account the positive measures and changes of recent years.
Source: Népszava by nepszava.hu.
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