Vigna is resistant to drought and is not demanding on light. This is how it is grown!

We have already introduced you to an interesting legume – cowpea, which is rich in numerous vitamins and minerals. If that text intrigued you, below you will discover how you can successfully cultivate it.


Vigna is looking for loose land, good starters of cabbage and tomatoes

The plant is sensitive to low temperature and mraz, that is why it is sown when the danger of it has passed. The seeds germinate at temperature 15-17º degrees C, and it is sown at a depth of 4-6 centimeters, depending on the quality of the land. Cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes and cucumbers. It is most suitable for loose soils, slightly acidic reactions with a pH value of 6,5-7.

In order for the plants to be healthy from the very beginning of the growing season, it is necessary to disinfect the seeds before sowing – soak them in chamomile tea or in a solution of potassium permanganate for 15-20 minutes. If it is immersed in potassium permanganate, it must be rinsed well after draining the solution. If it is grown on a larger area, the distance between the rows should be 80 cm while in line is enough 30-50 cmand that depends on whether it is sown in rows or in houses.

Vigna requires a high support to grow properly

Unlike other legumes, cowpea is drought resistant even in conditions without water, it yields better than classic beans and green beans. It is not demanding on light, that is, it tolerates it well the shadow and shade. For growth, it should be provided with a high back in the form sparringpyramids, arches, tunnels…

During the growing season, the crop needs to be hoeed, fertilized and, if conditions exist, watered. Then more pods are formed on the plant than leaves. The lower floors of the plant can be to prune in order to allow better ventilation and such plants are healthier and more productive. The same place can only be sown afterwards three or four years.

Stink bugs destroy vine sprouts


Pods are harvested until the grain “outgrows” the grain of wheat. It is harvested every day and this should be done carefully, preferably with scissors, because new flowers are formed in the place of the cut pods, which will give new pods. During the hot summer, the pods are ripe for harvesting 60 days from sowing.

Although it is a relatively new plant for our conditions, vigna was “found” by some harmful insects and disease-causing agents. They can appear rustpowdery mildew, various viruses, and of the pests it is most often attacked by aphids, mites and, in the last year or two, smrdibube which by stabbing the rake into the seed destroy the germ, and leave a corky tissue in the “meat”, so the pod is unusable for food.

On the AGROmedia portal, you can find a text about all the ways you can use cowpea in the kitchen.

Source: Agromedia by

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