Urban regeneration, incoming incentives for individuals and a 3.8 billion euro fund

05/11/2021 – Promote private urban regeneration interventions and define a panorama of simple rules, giving local authorities the possibility of introducing simplifications and incentives. These are some of the proposals for urban regeneration formulated by the Ministry for Sustainable Infrastructures and Mobility (MIMS) to overcome the deadlock in the parliamentary debate on this issue.

The debate on urban regeneration measures has in fact been going on for many months: last year the bill Ferrazzi, then unified with others in March 2021. The unified text has not been very successful and, in recent months, has received criticism from entrepreneurs and local authorities.

Mims has therefore developed a new text, which tries to take advantage of the suggestions received, trying not to overload the Municipalities and to further stimulate private investments. On the other hand, the desire to enhance the quality of design through i design competitions and to establish the Urban Regeneration Fund, albeit with a lower budget.

This morning Senator Andrea Ferrazzi, signatory of the original bill, in his speech at the National Conference of the Orders of Architects, underway in Venice, said: “We have finally released the law on urban regeneration, with an agreement between the parliamentary groups , which could be voted on by January; the design competition rule was maintained. A big amendment on the basic text will be presented next Tuesday”.

Urban regeneration, the competences of Regions and Municipalities

One of the criticisms, leveled by the National Association of Building Builders (Anci) to the unified text in March 2021, is the poor coordination urban regeneration objectives with other policies and the presence of complicated procedures.

The National Institute of Urban Planning (INU) complained that the Municipalities are called to take charge of disconnected activities from normal planning activities.

The bill proposed by Mims tries to adjust the shot, proposing a division of competences among the subjects involved in urban regeneration: the Interministerial Committee for Urban Policies (CIPU), the Regions and Municipalities.

The CIPU will deal with the coordination of urban regeneration objectives with other policies, such as those for sustainable mobility, the environment, urban safety, and will identify the “lighthouse projects“, That is the priority interventions.

The Regions will identify the intervention priorities within the regional territorial planning tools.

Municipalities will identify the perimeter of historic centers, urban centers, inhabited areas and production sites in which to carry out urban regeneration interventions. They will also take care of the census of urbanized areas, infrastructures and existing buildings for any purpose, both public and private, not used, abandoned or collaborating, which will be included beautiful “reuse database”.

Urban regeneration, extensions and changes of use based on the context

The bill of March 2021 provides volumetric incentives of 20% regardless of the context of the buildings. The arrangement was criticized by the Regions, who asked for evaluations on a case-by-case basis.

The new proposal establishes that the Regions, on the basis of the specificities of the territory, identify incentives and simplifications capable of encouraging regeneration interventions, such as the recognition of a additional volume compared to the pre-existing one, the delocalization of volumes and changes in the intended use.

Urban regeneration and the role of individuals

The Regions also have the task of encouraging the aggregation of small real estate properties into unitary consortia to promote the initiative of private individuals, such as demanded by businesses.

The Mims text distinguishes between direct interventions on individual buildings and interventions on urban areas.

The direct interventions could also be implemented by way of derogation from the provisions of urban planning tools, provided that they guarantee the building standard with almost zero energy, anti-seismic consolidation, the creation of green spaces and common work environments, the construction of systems for automation and accessibility, the removal of architectural barriers.

The private interventions of regeneration on territorial areas they are presented by private promoters to the Municipality, which assesses their consistency with the municipal planning of urban regeneration.

National Fund for Urban Regeneration

The bill provides for the establishment of a national fund for urban regeneration. According to the texts of 2019 and March 2021, the endowment of the Fund would amount to 10 billion euros, i.e. 500 million euros per year from 2021 to 2040.

The MIMS proposal revises the figure downwards and foreshadows an allocation of 3.8 billion euros: 50 million euros for 2022, 100 million euros for the years 2023 and 2024, 300 million euros per year starting from the year 2025 and until 2036.

Source: Le ultime news dal mondo dell'edilizia by www.edilportale.com.

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