Roughly one-fifth of applicants for a four-year school-leaving examination probably did not take uniform entrance exams this year. This was mostly the case in the hotel and business fields, where tests organized by Cermat were not used by approximately two thirds of schools. On the contrary, only about a tenth missed the uniform exams from grammar schools. This follows from an analysis that Cermat published on the web.
Due to the coid-19 epidemic this year, schools did not have to take uniform entrance exams for four-year graduation courses. In previous years, they were compulsory for all, schools could supplement them with their own exams, but the result of uniform tests had to make up at least 60 percent of the total evaluation. At sports grammar schools, it had to be at least 40 percent. If schools opted for uniform tests this year, they could also adjust their weight differently.
This year, about 61,000 candidates were heading for uniform tests, said Cermat spokesman Marek Lehečka. Schools in which uniform examinations did not take place were not obliged to provide data on candidates to Cermat. The total number of people interested in four-year courses is thus not clear. In his analysis, Cermat estimated that he registered about 79 percent of them. Everyone could apply for two schools. In total, Cermat received 98,103 applications. The first date of the exam was attended by 58,317 pupils and the second by 39,786.
Uniform entrance exams did not take place in 31 grammar schools, which is roughly 11 percent of these schools in the Czech Republic. These were mostly private facilities. “The estimated number of applications, which are therefore not recorded in the central register, is 1000 to 1100, of which about half in the first election (deadline) and the other half in the second election,” said Cermat. 17,866 applicants registered for uniform examinations for four-year grammar schools, and submitted 26,525 applications. Relatively little use of the possibility of not taking uniform entrance exams was also used by medical schools, about 15 percent of them missed them.
The situation was different in other fields. 45 percent of business academies and 36 percent of technical schools did not participate in the uniform tests. They were most significantly avoided by the hotel and business sectors, where 63 percent of schools did not have them this year. A similarly large proportion, 60 percent, was in the graduation fields at vocational schools. Thus, only 46 percent of those interested in hotel and business fields, two-fifths of those enrolled in vocational schools and approximately one-fifth of applicants for business academies or industrial schools could pass the school entrance exams. If the school did not have an overhang of applications, it could accept them without exams.
Uniform entrance exams took place on May 3-6. Despite several months of distance learning, their results, according to Cermat, were comparable to the past. Experts have long discussed the benefits of these tests and their impact on the education system. According to some, they guarantee an objective comparison of the level of applicants, according to others, they disadvantage children from less educated or poorer families, and thus deepen inequalities in education. According to representatives of primary schools, there are often special types of examples in the tests that are not practiced in ordinary teaching.
Source: Tyden.cz by www.tyden.cz.
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