Since the invention of the tuba, there has not been as much progress in the development of the instrument as the instrumental innovations of Roland Szentpáli and Zoltán Juhász. This is because the developed mechanics allow musicians to play the instrument while standing and move freely on stage. And the conversion between the traditional and the new game position takes only two and a half minutes. The significance of the development is shown by the fact that Gerhard Meinl, a seventh-generation German instrument maker, was also involved in the world patent and dissemination of the innovation.
The snuff was patented on September 12, 1835, and since then, like other brass instruments, only its keyboard system has been improved, and its size has grown, in line with the expectations of an outdoor brass band to speak as large as possible. Until the mid-20th century, until Paul Hindemith, Ralph Vaughan Williams, and Krzysztof Penderecki wrote the backbone of the instrument’s solo repertoire, it didn’t even occur for tuba to take on a more serious solo role. Before the turn of the millennium, another major composer, John Williams, composed a concerto for tuba, thus increasingly paving the way for the instrument to become a solo instrument and reach a wider audience. Nowadays, the snipers are well-prepared, both technically and musically, to stand out as a soloist in a recital or even accompanied by a band. During its evolution, however, tuba evolved in such a way that, due to its weight and holding position, it can only be played while sitting on it. At first, this doesn’t seem like a big deal, as they play both cello and piano, for example, but in contrast, the tuba covers most of the player’s face and is also difficult to move with.
“As a soloist, I’ve struggled for decades with the problem of having to sit in concerts and choose between two bad, static positions. When I sit in front of the audience, they see half of my face, so if I have limited contact with them, however, I position the tuba funnel towards the upper left corner of the stage so they can’t hear well. When I sit sideways to the audience, the sound bounces off the ceiling so they hear more of my game, but it becomes almost completely impersonal as only a few see my face, they too only from the side. In addition, due to the static, almost motionless sitting position, the player is unable to communicate with the conductor or the musicians either, which greatly narrows the expressiveness of the snuff list. We have been trying for years to find a solution with Hungarian, French and German instrument makers. ”
– highlights Roland Szentpáli, a tuber-artist-composer who was the first in Hungary to achieve serious success as a soloist with this instrument.
This is how Twoba became:
Finally, based on the ideas of the tube artist, Zoltán Juhász, a master of instrument making with a gold wreath, created a new keyboard system, which reformes the holding position of the instrument so that it can be played standing on it. All this so that the tub requires only the newly developed component, which can be retrofitted to any instrument with such a system. With the help of innovation, the musician only needs to balance the instrument minimally while being able to move freely on stage. He sees the conductor perfectly, not covering his face in the least on the funnel of the instrument, while the tuba targets the audience.
The biggest innovation of the developed mechanics is that the piston has been converted into a reverse movement instead of a pusher, so it is operated in a completely different position from the previous ones, pulling the piston into the piston housing from below from its upper position. This allows them to turn the instrument 180 degrees, resulting in its funnel facing the audience while playing. In addition, the conversion between the traditional and the new playing position takes two and a half minutes for the musician.
Gerhard Meinl, a seventh-generation German instrument maker and former owner of Wenzel Meinl GmbH, says this is the biggest step forward since the tuba patent. The German specialist built the world’s most important room building workshop from a family manufactory, supporting Hungarian development as a patron. The production of the new reversing mechanism is carried out in Hungary by a Hungarian company, under the professional and quality supervision of Zoltán Juhász and Roland Szentpáli. The component will be installed on the Meinl Weston 2250 tub by any instrument repair professional worldwide. The part that has just been developed must be adapted to the specific model for all other tuba, due to the mounting and the minimum but different sizes for each brand.
Video showing the instrument innovation:
Further information: www.twoba.hu
Source: technokrata by www.technokrata.hu.
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