In Korea, two suspected cases of monkey pox, a viral infectious disease, have been reported. The quarantine authorities received a report on the 21st that he had symptoms of monkey pox and is currently conducting a diagnostic test.
According to the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC), one of the two suspected cases is a man who entered the country from abroad. Upon arrival at Incheon International Airport, he showed symptoms of monkey pox and was transferred to an isolation ward at Incheon Medical Center, a hospital dedicated to infectious diseases.
The other one is said to be under epidemiological investigation. As soon as the diagnostic test results are released, the quarantine authorities will explain the reporting process, symptoms, and measures through a briefing.
Monkey smallpox is currently a second-grade legal infectious disease similar to COVID-19. If confirmed, they will be quarantined and treated at the Central Infectious Disease Specialty Hospital until the infectivity disappears. High-risk groups, such as those who lived with the confirmed person or had close contact, can be quarantined for 21 days, the incubation period.
Monkey smallpox has spread to more than 38 countries, including Europe, North America, and South America, since the first confirmed case was confirmed in the UK on the 7th of last month, except for Africa, where it is endemic. The number of confirmed cases worldwide has exceeded 2,000. There are more than 500 in the UK, 310 in Spain, 260 in Germany, 240 in Portugal and 160 in Canada.
The incubation period of monkeypox virus is rather long, up to 21 days. It usually lasts 6 to 13 days and can be transmitted through contact with blood, body fluids, skin, or mucosal lesions of infected animals or humans. It can be spread through saliva, etc. through close contact with a confirmed person. There is a possibility of airborne transmission, but it is known that the transmission power is not as high as Corona 19.
Symptoms are characterized by a rash on the face, hands, and legs. Fever, headache, muscle pain, and myasthenia gravis also appear. The fatality rate estimated by the World Health Organization (WHO) is 3-6%, but there is a big difference depending on the level of medical care in each country.
Quarantine authorities are guiding overseas arrivals at Incheon International Airport, etc. to report immediately if they have symptoms of monkey pox. Vaccines are also being introduced. In July, along with the introduction of ‘Tecovirimat’, an antiviral drug for monkey pox for about 500 people, the third-generation smallpox vaccine ‘Jinneos’ is being introduced.
Reporter Kim Yong-eok [email protected]
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