The 2021 Global Innovation Index was announced with the world launch organized online by the United Nations (UN) Switzerland-based expert agency, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), with the main theme of “Sustaining Innovation in the COVID-19 Crisis”. In the index, which evaluates 132 countries, Turkey reached the best ranking in its history and rose to 41st place. Turkey re-entered the top 50 leagues with a 10-digit leap in the index this year, becoming the country with the largest increase among these countries.
Among the 132 countries included in the index, Turkey ranked 2nd among the countries that made the biggest leap. Turkey also ranked 4th in the group of middle-upper-income countries. According to the income group ranking, China, Bulgaria and Malaysia took place ahead of Turkey. China, on the other hand, maintained the upward trend it caught last year, ranking 12th.
Turkey’s best performing component
Among the upper-middle income group countries, Turkey outperformed the group averages in six of the 7 main components. The component in which Turkey performed best was “Human Capital and Research”. In this component, Turkey was ranked 26th and in the “Creative Outputs” component, Turkey was ranked 35th. This year, Turkey outperformed innovation inputs in innovation outputs. The report also emphasized that Istanbul and Ankara are home to two leading science and technology clusters.
It was stated that Istanbul ranks 49th among the best science and technology clusters in the world with a two-step rise. At the launch where the Global Innovation Index was announced, for the first time this year, the Ministry of Industry and Technology and the report’s corporate partner; The Turkish Exporters Assembly, which is the only umbrella organization of 61 exporters’ unions, 27 sectors and 100 thousand exporters, was also included.
“We got the best ranking”
Industry and Technology Minister Mustafa Varank emphasized that they aim to further improve Turkey’s ranking in the Global Innovation Index with new strategies, reforms and programs, taking into account the fundamental dynamics of innovation ecosystems.
Minister Varank made the following evaluations:
“Turkey has quickly mobilized different initiatives to promote innovation as part of emergency measures during the pandemic. Our policy measures and areas of focus are regulatory framework, infrastructure, investment climate, human resources and international cooperation. These areas were also consistent with the key components of the Global Innovation Index. In the end, we got the best ranking we’ve ever had. Our aim is both to rise to higher ranks and to develop our innovation ecosystem in a sustainable way. In particular, we see the index as a very effective tool in improving our innovation performance. First of all, the index provides our country with a standard way to analyze our innovation performance every year, through key indicators. It also reveals the strengths and weaknesses of our innovation ecosystem and lays the groundwork for structural reforms in areas where we can improve.”
“We support Turkey’s innovation ecosystem”
TİM President İsmail Gülle took part as a speaker in the panel titled “Redesigning Innovation Policies and Business Strategies” within the scope of the launch. Gülle drew attention to TİM’s projects and especially to its innovation activities at the panel, and said:
“As the Turkish Exporters Assembly, we support the innovation ecosystem of our country with our belief that exports will rise with innovation. Under the leadership of our Honorable President, with the support of our ministries, TİM’s efforts towards the innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem, and the increasing competitiveness of our companies, Turkey made a huge leap in the Global Innovation Index, rising 10 places at once, reaching the highest position in our history with the 41st rank. As TİM, we support Turkey’s innovation ecosystem and the innovation culture of companies, and carry out innovation-oriented projects that will increase the added value of our exports, with our InovaLIG, InoSuit, InovaTIM, TIM-TEB Enterprise Houses. We brought together more than 700 speakers with 500 thousand people in seven years at Turkey Innovation Week, Turkey’s biggest innovation meeting. In the Turkey Innovation Week held online in 2020, we broke a record with 2 million views.”
Comparing with 80 different indicators
The Global Innovation Index, published by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) for 14 years, analyzes the innovation performance of countries by “Institutions”, “Human Capital and Research”, “Infrastructure”, “Market Versatility”, “Companies Versatility”, “Knowledge and Technology Outputs”. ” and “Creative Outputs” with 80 different indicators under 7 main components.
The accuracy and up-to-dateness of statistical information was ensured in the databases of international organizations such as UNESCO, OECD, World Bank and World Trade Organization, which are among the data sources of the indicators in the index. While Turkey, which ranks 51st in the 2020 report, has missing data for four indicators in the index and out-of-date data for eight indicators, eight indicators with missing and outdated data were updated in the 2021 report. Significant progress has been made in the 2021 report, with the work carried out by the responsible institutions in the task force under the responsibility of the Ministry of Industry and Technology and under the coordination of TIM.
TIM prepared the roadmap
TİM undertook the task of preparing the “Global Innovation Index Turkey Roadmap and Action Plan” under the coordination of the Ministry of Industry and Technology, within the body of the Coordination Board for the Improvement of the Investment Environment (YOIKK), led by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. In this context, a task force was formed by TİM in 2020. Within YOIKK, short, medium and long-term actions were prepared for 69 of the 80 indicators in the index. Technical studies were carried out with 40 experts from 22 different institutions to improve a total of 69 indicators, 38 of which were classified as short-term and 31 of which were classified as medium and long-term. TİM also organized consultation meetings with the academic mentors of the Focused İnoSuit Program and formed 8 different working groups for 35 medium/long term indicators. As a result of the meetings of the TIM Focused InoSuit Program Global Innovation Index working groups, to which more than 20 academicians contributed, 34 medium and long-term action proposals were developed.
YOIKK owns high-level
Within the scope of the 2019-2020 Action Plan of the Coordination Board for the Improvement of the Investment Environment (YOIKK), the “Global Innovation Index Action Plan” studies were launched last year. At the meeting held on 30 June 2020, under the chairmanship of Vice President Fuat Oktay, it was decided to accelerate the efforts to increase the rank of Turkey in the Global Innovation Index and to establish a “Turkey Global Innovation Index Task Force” in which the responsible institutions are represented. . The preparatory meetings were held by TIM under the coordination of the Ministry of Industry and Technology. For the first time in TİM’s history, the Turkey Global Innovation Index Coordination and Monitoring Platform (TÜRKİZ) was launched on 20 November 2020 for the follow-up of action items. As of this date, the developments regarding the action items are reported monthly by the representatives of the institutions on the platform. At the YOIKK steering committee meetings, TIM provides regular information on the developments within the scope of “Creating the Global Innovation Index Action Plan and Strategy” and the activities planned for the upcoming period. Action Plan 2021-2023, which includes medium and long-term action items to improve Turkey’s position. At the end of 2021, webinar series will be organized in which examples of global good practices are shared, and “Global Innovation Index Turkey Action Plan and Strategy” will be presented to WIPO.
Highlights of the Global Innovation Index 2021 Report
WIPO has published the 14th report in the Global Innovation Index in partnership with the Portulans Institute and the Brazilian National Industry Confederation (CNI), the Indian Industry Confederation (CII), Ecopetrol (Colombia) and the Turkish Exporters Assembly (TIM). The full report, submitted to an independent statistical audit by the European Commission’s Joint Research Center, is featured on the Global Innovation Index website (www.globalinnovationindex.org). According to the report, global investments in innovation reached an all-time high before the pandemic, with R&D growing at an extraordinary 8.5 percent in 2019. Government subsidies for economies with the highest R&D spending showed continued growth in 2020. Top corporate R&D spenders increased their R&D spending by nearly 10 percent last year. The number of scientific articles published worldwide increased by 7.6 percent in 2020. This year, in addition to South Korea’s rise from 10th to 5th, France and China continued the progress they made last year. Despite the fact that public and private sector finances focused on health and biotechnology during the COVID-19 pandemic, innovation investments in other areas continued to be supported.
Source: Dünya Gazetesi by www.dunya.com.
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