Tunisia premieres prime minister, a landmark with bittersweet taste

BarcelonaTwo and a half months after the President of Tunisia, Kaïs Saïed, was granted absolute powers by a very dubious reading of the Constitution, this Monday a new executive with his exclusive seal was finally presented. The Prime Minister will be Najla Bouden Romdhane, a geologist who had held a senior position in the Ministry of Universities. Her appointment is a historic milestone, as she is not only the first woman to hold this position in Tunisia, but throughout the Arab world. Bouden will chair a cabinet of 24 ministers (16 men and 8 women) with a markedly technocratic profile.

However, the historical condition of the appointment has been overshadowed by the serious political crisis that the country is going through as a result of the coup d’état of the president, which most political forces already denounce as a “coup d’etat”. While it seemed that the president’s “exceptional measures” had to be for a short time, as set out in Article 80 of the Magna Carta for situations of “imminent danger”, Saïd made them indefinite at the end of September.

Through a presidential decree, Saïd ordered the suspension of several chapters of the Constitution, in addition to all those that contradicted his decrees. In addition, it extended indefinitely the freezing of Parliament and was attributed the ability to pass rules with the force of law. Tunisia, the only country in the so-called Arab Spring that had escaped coups and civil wars, sees its democratic transition facing a serious risk of involution.

Demonstrations for and against

Although at first his measures had the support of the majority of the population, with the passing of the weeks and the taking of new measures of an authoritarian nature the popularity of the president has been eroding. In recent weeks, there have been several demonstrations for and against Kaïs Saïd in the center of the capital that have brought together several thousand people, an expression of the division that reigns in Tunisian society. However, Saïd refuses to open any channel of dialogue with the opposition, which he prefers to ignore. In fact, he went so far as to say that the mobilizations in his favor had gathered 1.8 million people, a completely unlikely figure.

Faced with a climate of growing tension, it will not be easy for the new executive to meet its main objectives. In his speech after taking the oath of office, Bouden cited three: fighting corruption, regaining public confidence in the government and improving the standard of living of Tunisians. Among the ministers, many new faces, mostly senior state officials, although some ministers remain in office, such as Othman Jerandi at the helm of foreign affairs, or recover a portfolio from which they had been dismissed by the government. ‘previous premier, as Taufik Charfeddine, one of the president’s most trusted men.

Saïd’s next goal will be to unilaterally amend or rewrite the Constitution. The president hates political parties and aspires to implement a new political system of local-based direct democracy, but he will hardly be able to achieve this without the support of the political class, civil society and Western chancelleries. If it persists in its plans, Tunisia is headed for a train wreck.

Morocco also inaugurates government

The new Moroccan government headed by the new prime minister, Aziz Akhannouch, held its first videoconference cabinet meeting on Monday with the aim of designing the guidelines for its program, focused on implementing the new development model promoted by the king. Mohamed VI. The new cabinet is made up of the three most-voted parties in the last election on September 8: Akhannouch’s RNI and PAM, both of which have a monarchical tendency, and Istiqlal, the historic party that led the struggle. anticolonial. The executive contains a large number of technocrats and businessmen, such as Akhannouch, a tycoon and the second richest man in the country.

Source: Ara.cat – Portada by www.ara.cat.

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