Experts are studying the potential of traditional African vegetables in order to expand local crops and productions.
Traditional African vegetables a response against the climate change facilitated by the agri-food system, an additional resource for small local crops. The population of Africa subsahariana for some time it has been affected by impacting problems such as hunger and malnutrition.
For this reason the cultivation of traditional vegetables could become an important answer, not only for thehigh nutritional value, but also for easy cultivation, so as to adapt to conditions of extreme survival.
This type of vegetables manages to grow into land difficult and can guarantee a diversification of productions, but despite the undeniable advantages it is still not widespread. An international team of researchers was interested in their benefits, examining and evaluating the existential path of 126 local vegetables, dividing them into five groups.
The team observed their distribution throughout the territory and state of conservation, obtaining important data for the crops of the future. With particular attention to those that are considered perennials, a very widespread presence throughout Africa.
Experts have focused attention on some perennials such as baobab, the moringa and two vegetable trees known for edible leaves and particularly nutritious. The use of the BiodiversityR software has allowed us to evaluate the type of soil capable of hosting these vegetables and plants, in order to identify similar places where they can grow to diversify crops.
This monitoring work has prompted scholars to turn their attention also towards the species defined as relatives or wild plants, but an integral part of some edible vegetable families such as spinach and beans.
A useful observation to preserve the African plant biodiversity, but also to improve crops in favor of greater local production. An extra boost for the African economy and for greater sustainable food availability.
Source: GreenStyle by www.greenstyle.it.
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