Today is World Elephant Day

Wild elephant (file photo)

World Elephant Day has been celebrated on August 12 since 2012. After tiger, lion, the animal that floats in front of everyone’s eyes is the elephant. It is the largest terrestrial mammal in the world.

On the one hand, elephant habitats are being destroyed due to urbanization and deforestation. On the other hand, this largest land animal in the animal kingdom is becoming extinct due to black market and poaching.

World Elephant Day was established in 2012 by Canadian filmmakers Patricia Sims and Michael Clarke and Thailand’s Elephant Reintroduction Foundation head Sivaparn Dardarananda to raise public awareness. Since then, World Elephant Day is celebrated on August 12.

More than 1.1 million Rohingyas have taken refuge in various camps in Ukhia and Teknaf due to ethnic violence in Myanmar. Rohingyas were sheltered by cutting down 6,500 acres of forests and hills of forest department. Another 2,000 acres of barren forest area around the Rohingya camp has been destroyed for fuel collection.

These mountains and forests were the free roaming and shelter of animals. But the sheltering of the Rohingyas has seriously damaged the biodiversity. According to a 2017 survey by the forest department, there were 63 roaming elephants in the forests of Rohingya-dominated Cox’s Bazar South Forest Division. But many elephants have died due to habitat destruction and food shortages.

In addition to establishing sanctuaries to protect wild elephants, environmentalists demand effective action on food resources.

Elephants have declined by 62 percent from around the world in the last ten years. Many people fear that elephants will disappear like giant dinosaurs in the future if elephant conservation and killing of elephants at the hands of villagers and the nuisance of poachers are not reduced. The elephant, the largest land animal, is now in danger of extinction. This is being discussed all over the world. Animal analysts have expressed alarm.

It is believed that elephants are decreasing at that rate every year. After 10 years, this animal will not exist anywhere except the zoo.

There are two types of elephants in the world. Asian elephant and African elephant. Both male and female African elephants have tusks. Among Asian elephants, only male elephants have tusks. Elephants can give birth at the age of 12 years. However, elephants give birth after 22 months of gestation, the longest period in the animal world.


Source: ODHIKAR by www.odhikar.news.

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