I am a 27 year old woman. I have had strange fatigue even though I have slept well. The other parent has type 2 diabetes. Could I have it or its precursor? I am not overweight and I jog a lot.
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DIABETES is a public illness that is estimated to affect about half a million Finns.
It is traditionally divided into two types, the rarer of which is type 1 diabetes. In it, the inflammatory reaction (autoimmune reaction) in your body destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, resulting in a complete deficiency of insulin hormone, which is replaced by insulin injections.
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Type 2 diabetes occurs as a result of many different genetic factors. The background is both a decrease in the production of insulin by the pancreas and the body’s inability to respond to the effects of insulin, the so-called insulin resistance.
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Midbody obesity increases insulin resistance.
About three out of four diabetic patients in Finland have type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes usually starts as early as childhood or adolescence, and type 2 diabetes usually occurs in middle age or old age.
However, any condition with a persistent rise in blood sugar above an agreed limit is called diabetes, and the types of diabetes are not limited to two.
Others include adult-onset autoimmune diabetes (LADA), forms of diabetes caused by individual genetic defects (so-called MODY, several different types), and neonatal diabetes associated with rare hereditary defects in the newborn.
So-called secondary diabetes, on the other hand, is the result of, for example, pancreatitis or removal of the pancreas.
If one parent has type 2 diabetes, the lifetime risk of developing offspring is 40 percent; but the disease usually only breaks out at an older age.
Type 2 diabetes found in both parents increases the risk to 80 percent.
Fatigue in a young slender woman is unlikely to be due to diabetes, but because of family history, diabetes should be ruled out.
Fatigue can also be caused by anemia (due to iron deficiency caused by heavy periods or a unilateral diet), hypothyroidism or other illness, often including sleep deprivation.
Common causes of fatigue are easy to examine at the doctor’s office and with simple blood samples, so I would encourage the questioner to see a doctor.
Although diabetes is hardly still an issue, it is worth continuing a healthy jogging hobby and monitoring your weight for years to come.
This article appeared in Good Health. As a subscriber, you can read all numbers free of charge from the digilehdet.fi service
Source: Hyvä Terveys by www.hyvaterveys.fi.
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