Ticks are doing well here. Exotic species can spread dangerous diseases

With your experience up server lidovky.cz was shared by Marcela, who found three ticks in her garden in Liberec. According to the information, the parasite, who happily sucks on people and animals, has been harvesting since May. It thrives best in heat and humidity, which is currently plentiful.

“They multiply well on them, it’s easy food for them. When there are more voles, then there are more ticks, because they are easier to spread,” explained Miroslava Burýšková, head of the Protean laboratory, about the causality between the overgrowth of voles and ticks. the parasites “enjoy” the most, and then spread infectious diseases from them as intermediate vectors.

Although ticks thrive the most mainly in moisture, ie by the water or at the interface of mixed and deciduous forests and meadows, they are now found throughout the Czech territory. The Protean laboratory reports that it is currently being approached by many people from Prague, to whom these parasites have joined themselves not only in the gardens near the houses, but also in the parks.

“The tick has no thread, it has jaws for which it is hooked. The ideal is a card or a hook with a notch, which one gets in some pharmacies,” warned the head of the laboratory against incorrect removal of ticks.

If the tick is small, then it is obvious to use a cotton swab soaked in soapy water, thanks to which it can be rolled out very easily. At the same time, Burýšková also made sure that it was not dangerous to use tweezers either, because the left beaks expelled the human body itself, such as splinters. But it must be caught close to the skin.

New species in the Czech Republic

However, experts also point out that the Czechia is also bothered by unusual species of ticks. As part of the “Find a Drinker” project, for example, the so-called flood drinker was discovered, which currently occurs only in South Moravia and which parasitizes mainly on dogs and wild animals.

“Today we already know that it occurs sporadically almost all over the Czech Republic and continues to spread thanks to dog travel. It is similar in other European countries. With increasing spread, the risk of babesiosis, which is a major infectious disease of dogs transmitted by drinkers, increases.” David Modrý from the Veterinary and Pharmaceutical University in Brno and the Biological Center of the Academy of Sciences.

Although it turned out that there is no problem with the detection of the pathogen causing babesiosis, which does not change the fact that we are dealing with a new disease. For this reason, it may not always be reliably detected by a veterinarian. Finding drugs that are not available can also be problematic.

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It can either be purchased abroad or imported with a special exception. However, he must not linger, because the dog can die of the disease very quickly, even in the order of several hours.

In exceptional cases, the drinker can turn his attention to people, but he is not dangerous for them. On the contrary, horses are very endangered. Researchers are therefore asking their owners to send the ticks they find to research.

Thanks to the cooperation of the public, the parasitologists managed to discover another special tick, namely the African and southern European hyaloma. Although it does not live permanently in the Czech Republic, it can be brought by migratory birds. This species also survives on horses and is a source of significant diseases that can be dangerous to humans.

“It occurs naturally in the Middle East or Africa, where it transmits some viral diseases, including the so-called Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever. And it can be a deadly disease for humans,” Modrý warned.

Scientists have researchers in researching hundreds, while African and Mediterranean ticks have only twenty. In general, however, the occurrence of new species of these parasites is rare in the Czech Republic. But scientists are noticing another species, Rhipicephalus.

It occurs in the Balkans and in the Mediterranean, from where it can also get to the country with dogs. Two years ago, he even managed to create a short-term population in Bratislava, but he managed to successfully eliminate it. The infections it transmits are especially dangerous for four-legged pets.