The city of London can boast of having many attractions that attract tourists. But the truth is that very few cities in the world count among those attractions their own police. Scotland Yard is one of the most famous police officers in the world, and it was born given the great growth of the city of London in the early 19th century.
This police force has remained stable to this day, and today, known as bobbiesThey are one of the most striking police forces in the world.
Before Scotland Yard was founded, London was a large city that did not have a police department as such to solve the problems of the city, there was only evidence of the river police, in charge of the piers.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the city underwent a very large expansion and robberies, murders and rapes began to proliferate in the capital of the United Kingdom. It would be Sir Robert Peel who, faced with the uncontrolled rise of crime in the city, in 1829 he ordered the founding of a specific police force to control London. Their official name was Scotland Yard, although they would also be known as bobbies, in honor of Robert Peel.
As Secretary of State, Peel wanted this guard to take care of the day-to-day problems of the city of London, although with the passage of time, he became more and more professional. Its name came from the location of the headquarters originally at 4 Whitehall Place, where there was a back door that led to Great Scotland Yard Street.
With a city that already had more than 2 million citizens, it was necessary for someone to take care of putting peace in the hundreds of riots that took place every day.
As we all know, bobbies are distinguished by not carrying weapons, just a whistle, a hat and a truncheon. This was established since its inception, although currently there are some members of the body that can carry firearms. Despite this, those responsible for creating Scotland Yard worried that not everyone could be part of the body since they imposed some requirements such as measuring more than 1.80 meters, they should be uniformed, still off duty and used to work seven days a week.
The body was so special that bobbies couldn’t drink beer with a civilian, they had to ask permission to marry, and they didn’t have the right to vote. For more citizen safety, each of the agents they wore were identified with a letter and a number they wore sewn into their uniform, in addition to wearing an armband when on duty.
Among the actions of the Scotland Yard agents, was to know their areas of action perfectly, making friends with the citizens of their area. They were not even allowed into pubs unless it was strictly necessary, being a police who watched over the safety in the streets mostly.
1914, the first women
Until the outbreak of the First World War, only men could be part of Scotland Yard. All this changed when the men had to enlist in the army to fight at the front, leaving many free places in the city. These free places were not covered directly by women, but they were allowed access, until now prohibited, to be part of the most famous patrol service in the United Kingdom.
First i know would create the Women Police Service, a service of women’s bobbies that was mainly dedicated to walking the streets to assist prostitutes and young people so that they did not fall into this activity.
In 1915 they were allowed for the first time to patrol the city as men, and until 1923 they could not make arrests, something that was reserved for the men of the London Metropolitan Police force.
Scotland Yard today
The London Police Service is still in operation to this day. With almost 200 years of history, the bobbies moved in 1967 to their current headquarters at 10 Broadway SW1, being one of the oldest police services in the world and under the name of New Scotland Yard.
Things have also changed a lot within the body. So much so, that sinceIn 2017, a woman, Cressida Dick, is the director of Scotland Yark, and they are not just limited to patrolling the streets of London. Currently, Scotland Yard’s information services have a huge database that is kept up-to-date with all the names of people who have committed some type of crime in London, being one of the benchmarks for crime information at European level .
Source: okdiario.com by okdiario.com.
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