13.07.2021. / 10:29
VIENNA – All Western Balkan countries, except Bosnia and Herzegovina, are on track to meet energy efficiency targets in the use of green energy as a primary fuel, is one of the findings of the Western Balkans Energy Transition Report, written by the EU Energy Community Secretariat. in Vienna.
As it was explained, the energy transition in all countries of the region has not yet started seriously in terms of domestic initiatives, but it was emphasized that the spillover effects of projects in this area from the outside are increasingly being noticed.
“The lack of structured plans for energy transition increases unpredictability when it comes to the direction and speed of transition in the region. Therefore, harmonizing credible plans for decarbonisation and achieving the 2030 and 2050 targets should be the main task of the six Western Balkan countries in the coming months. “ it is emphasized.
However, as “Nezavisne novine” wrote a few months ago, BiH could get the most headaches from citizens’ lawsuits for non-compliance with legally binding measures by BiH to reduce harmful pollution, given that citizens will be able to sue the state and seek compensation. . This report states in detail that BiH, as well as other countries in the region, are violating their obligations when it comes to the release of dangerous oxides of nitrogen NOx, sulfur dioxide and dust particles into the air.
For example, when it comes to sulfur dioxide or CO2, BiH has exceeded the allowed amounts by more than 10 times, and in 2020 there was an increase again compared to the previous year. No country in the region has exceeded its obligations to such an extent, although others have significant emissions. Behind BiH are Northern Macedonia and Serbia, which have exceeded their obligations by about five times.
As far as nitric oxide is concerned, BiH is better only than Kosovo, given that other countries in the region are far below the highest values. Kosovo has significantly exceeded its values, and BiH has exceeded the allowed amount of emissions by about 10 percent.
As far as dust emissions are concerned, Serbia is the best in the region, which is just below the maximum allowed values, and BiH has exceeded the amount of these types of emissions by about a third.
Although BiH is still far from prioritizing green fuels, thanks to its great hydro potential, its overall mix in renewable energy production looks somewhat more favorable. According to the report, Albania and BiH are close to meeting the overall targets for 2020, Kosovo and Montenegro have already met them, and northern Macedonia and Serbia are far from reaching their targets.
As an individual project in BiH, the construction of Block VII in Tuzla is the most controversial for the Energy Community, for which this organization has initiated a procedure for violating obligations against BiH.
As for the use of green fuels in transport, none of the Western Balkan countries, as it was pointed out, is even close to reaching a share of 10% in the total mix.
“What has been achieved in the transport sector is mainly the result of electrification in the field of public transport,” it is pointed out.
Regarding the area related to central heating, BiH has the largest share of biomass in its system, which accounts for almost a quarter of the total energy consumed for these purposes. According to this study, BiH gets almost half of its heating energy from solid fuels such as coal, while slightly more than a quarter is gas.
The Secretariat of the Energy Community reminds “Nezavisne novine” that BiH, as well as other countries in the region, committed itself through the Sofia Declaration from October last year to reach the goals of carbon neutrality by 2050, ie not emitting more carbon than can be absorbed. They remind that a press conference of the Center for Green Policy was held on Friday, at which the achievement of these goals was discussed.
“The European Green Agreement and the Economic and Investment Plan for the Western Balkans exist to support all parties in a fair transition to a climate-neutral economy. The adoption of plans to achieve climate goals will increasingly be on the EU’s external partners, as well as through association agreements and eventual membership in the Energy Community “, they stressed. Independent newspapers
Source: Capital.ba – Informacija je capital by www.capital.ba.
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