In order for sowing to be successful, it is necessary to provide optimal conditions for proper and faster seed germination before sowing. Pre-sowing preparation should provide a loose surface layer of soil that will cover the seeds and a hard bed in which the seeds will be placed. Hard bed and soft cover is an ideal environment that will ensure optimal yield of your crops.
In order to make pre-sowing soil preparation easier and more efficient, you need special machines for this type of work, and knowledge, ie to understand why the preparation is done and how it improves the crop yield.
Read below what pre-sowing preparation is, why it is important and with which machines it is done.
WHAT IS PRE-PREPARATION PREPARATION?
Adequate pre-sowing soil preparation should be provided appropriate agrotechnical conditions for better germination of seeds and later development of plants, which is a loose surface layer that will cover the seeds and optimally compacted placenta on which the seeds will be laid.
Depending on the type of soil, pre-sowing preparation is needed do 3 to 7 days before sowing. During this period, the sowing layer settles. The best time for pre-sowing preparation is in the spring, when the soil surface dries (if the basic cultivation was done in the fall).
Pre-sowing preparation cultivates the land, a it represents: removal of unevenness created after basic tillage, creation of a favorable structure of the arable soil layer and mixing of the surface layer for faster heating of the soil. In addition, it retains moisture in the soil, prevents the growth of weeds and improves the air regime of the soil, which enables faster seed germination.
WHY IS PRE-SUPPORT PREPARATION IMPORTANT?
Before sowing, it is necessary to perform quality soil preparation, and the goal is:
- initiating the activity of beneficial microorganisms living in the soil,
- preservation of moisture from the autumn-winter period,
- bringing the surface layer of the soil to an optimal condition.
Pre-sowing land preparation initiates useful activities microorganisms which live in the soil, but also accelerate the transition of nutrients from hard-to-reach to easily accessible form.
If the preparation is done immediately after winter plowing, and before frost, moisture will be better preserved in the soil. The soil under the cultivated layer, and under the influence of frost, will be less compacted. This way, the seeds will break through more easily to moisture. Seeds sown at the right depth, on an untouched, moist layer of soil, have the most optimal conditions for germination.
It is a hard placenta and a soft blanket ideal environment which will ensure the optimal yield of your crops. The loose layer reduces germination resistance during germination, and the lower layer provides good contact between seeds and soil particles.
Later, this layer should ensure proper rooting of the plant. If we do not have these two layers properly provided, the germ resistance during germination can be great, but the contact of roots and soil particles in case of drought is difficult.
Pre-sowing preparation affects the quality, sowing speed and uniform sowing depth. For this operation, the seed hopper must have a horizontal position in relation to the ground with a working depth of 6 to 8 cm.
For even germination and seed germination, the working depth must be uniform. With a greater sowing depth than the above, the time for germination is extended and the danger of bark formation increases.
HOW PRE-PREPARATION IS PREPARED
Over time, farmers used various tools and implements to prepare the land, but today it is much simpler with a tractor and suitable machines. For pre-sowing preparation today, you can use a simpler variant – seed drill, or a more complex variant of seed drill – germinator.
Seeder is a coupling machine for tractors, simple and robust construction, intended for quality and economical pre-sowing soil preparation, one of the most important operations in the technological process of crop production.
The seed drill is a very important machine for every rural household engaged in agriculture, and the results obtained so far is one of the best modern tools in agriculture.
The sowing tank system enables the preparation of the sowing layer of fine and lumpy soil, which prevents the occurrence of soil rooting during precipitation and helps better germination of plants and cereals.
In addition to the basic function, soil preparation for sowing, it is also used for: aeration of pastures, thinning of fields sown with wheat, peeling of stubble, mechanical control of weeds, etc.
Germinator is a complex sowing tank that performs a complete operation of preparing the surface layer of soil for sowing in one pass. Primarily intended for fine soil preparation, for sowing industrial plants and vegetable crops.
It is a very useful but also economical tool, it will save you a lot of time and fuel, and this way you avoid unnecessary trampling on the ground.
In plowed soil with only one pass, it forms an excellent sowing bed (uniform, accurate, adjusted depths) and a finely chopped top layer for seed placement.
It leaves behind excellent conditions that are important for certain crops (sugar beet, onions, etc.) in which this way of soil preparation can significantly increase yields.
OFFER OF SOWING TANKS AND GERMINATORS
If you find yourself in the text and the seed drill / germinator is the solution to your problems, our recommendation is to take a look attachments of the company Hudjik.
You can find more information about the machines on their website, which also offers various parts.
On the site, see the list of points of sale where you can see the machines live and talk to professional staff, and if you are not able to visit one of the points of sale, you can call them by phone.
Source: Portal o ekonomiji by www.economy.rs.
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