1. Kipugeeliä kolotuksiin
Paracetamol has been maligned a lot, but it is a suitable drug for mild joint problems. If the pain is more severe, the effect of paracetamol usually wears off.
– For superficial joints, such as knee and finger joints, local inflammatory pain gels are an even better option. They contain NSAIDs such as ibuprofen and diclofenac, says the professor Jari Arokoski.
The rule of thumb is that NSAIDs should be used on their own for up to 3 to 5 days. If they don’t, your doctor can help.
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2. Cold to the point
For swollen and hot joints, the cold usually does good. It is recommended to use the cold pack for 5-10 minutes at a time, 3-5 times a day and also after exercise if swelling or pain occurs.
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If the joint is inflamed and swollen, your doctor may inject cortisone. Cortisone usually calms the exacerbation phase and lasts for 2 to 4 weeks.
If your joint pain is constantly grating, your doctor will make a treatment and rehabilitation plan. Physiotherapeutic pain treatments, such as cold and heat treatments, are then used more actively.
3. Electricity for pain points
Some people with osteoarthritis receive help with home-based TENS treatment, the effectiveness of which is based on electrical irritation of the pain points. Equipment can even be found in supermarkets.
It doesn’t help with hip osteoarthritis because the hip joint is so deep.
4. Artificial joint if nothing else helps
If other means do not help and the pain is uncontrollable, the straw is an artificial joint surgery.
– For painkillers, recourse to degree-harder, mild opiates such as tramadol and codeine has then had to be used. The drug does not slow down the course of the disease, but can improve the ability to function and exercise, Arokoski says.
About hip arthroplasty
recovers quite painless in just a few weeks. However, it takes at least 6 weeks for the hip supporting tissues to heal, in which case you need to brake with more strenuous exercise.
–Most hip surgeries say that the artificial joint feels very “their own.” Some even forget which side is cut. Occasionally there may be slight pain sensations, for example in the groin of the cut side. Similarly, sleeping on the cut side can feel uncomfortable, Orthopedist Antti Eskelinen says.
AFTER KNEE SURGERY
the pain can be very severe and the nightache occurs for 6-8 weeks. Cold relieves pain. If the knee swells after moving, raise it for a moment. Especially the knee surgery should not be stinged with painkillers. Recovery is made more difficult if you are unable to walk or exercise.
Daily, even short walks give a start to recovery. Exercise helps the body recover from the surgical stress caused by surgery, reducing the risk of blood clots and pain.
Recovery is unique: where someone plays badminton six weeks after surgery, another walks a mile.
Experts: Jari Arokoski, Professor, HUS Physics Outpatient Clinic. Antti Eskelinen, Docent of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Chief Physician, Coxa Artificial Joint Hospital.
This article has appeared in Good Health magazine. As a subscriber, you can read all numbers free of charge from the digilehdet.fi service
Source: Hyvä Terveys by www.hyvaterveys.fi.
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