More and more infected young people and middle-aged patients are being diagnosed with stroke worldwide. Even at the start of the outbreak, researchers pointed out that the virus primarily attacks the lungs. However, in recent months, several cases have been reported in which an association between coronavirus and stroke development has been found.
According to a recent study, stroke may be the first symptom of a coronavirus infection in younger patients. The coronavirus can cause cerebrovascular events (such as stroke). In regions of the United States with higher rates of infection, a stable or increased number of patients diagnosed with strokes of unknown origin have been reported. Patients who were not found to have a typical trigger for stroke — that is, no sign of stroke. Since then, a number of similar cases have been reported worldwide.
Stroke is a categorical category that is caused by cerebral vascular occlusion in 80-85 percent of cases, as a result of which the area of the brain supplied by the given vessel does not receive enough blood, infarction, i.e. cerebral death. In the remaining cases, a hemorrhagic stroke occurs, i.e., a blood clot forms in the brain as a result of a rupture of a blood vessel, the latter is called a cerebral hemorrhage. While it is common for other illnesses, such as myocardial infarction, to call a doctor immediately if sharp chest pain is detected, the symptoms of a stroke may be less clear.
Cerebral vascular occlusion, so-called ischemic stroke, or caused by a blood clot that forms elsewhere in the circulatory system (heart, major arteries) and then enters the bloodstream, or by a build-up of plaque on the blood vessel wall. Stroke affects approximately 40-50 thousand people a year in Hungary, and is the third most common cause of death in Europe. Stroke can be treated depending on which type it is. In the case of ischemic stroke (in which the cerebral blood vessel is blocked by a blood clot), the vascular occlusion is treated with medication, and in the case of a bleeding stroke, surgery may even be required.
Stroke has well-recognized symptoms: if you experience relaxation of one half of your face, numbness of your mouth, or numbness in your limbs, or struggling with severe headaches, communication difficulties, speech or vision problems, do not wait for the symptoms to go away.
Once someone has had a stroke, unfortunately there is a chance that the problem will recur. If someone is at high risk of developing a blood clot in their body – e.g. you have atrial fibrillation – you can reduce the chance of developing a stroke with anticoagulant therapy. Thanks to innovative formulations, therapies that are sufficient for once-daily oral administration are now available.
Based on the results of the research, it was concluded that coronavirus should be considered as a new cause or risk factor for stroke. At the very least, it is important to test patients with stroke for infection with the new type of coronavirus, especially if they are young (under 50 years of age) even in the absence of characteristic respiratory symptoms of COVID-19.2
During an epidemic, many are afraid to seek help and seek professional help, and like all of us, patients who have already had a stroke, have to deal with difficult emotions in these uncertain times. It is worthwhile to lead a routine into our lives and develop useful habits such as regular restful sleep or a healthy meal enriched with fruits and vegetables. Social interaction and emotional support from our family and friends can be a great help in relieving anxiety, for example.1It is important that we do not ignore the telltale signs, we also take care of our mental health, especially during such an unusual period. Please seek the help of a specialist and consult regularly on further steps!
Source: Patika Magazin Online by www.patikamagazin.hu.
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