The wrong school bag can lead to scoliosis, neck and back pain

It is an eternal topic what a good school bag looks like, which does not burden but helps the everyday life of small school children. However, although there is a wide selection in this area, it is not easy to avoid locomotor disorders, even if parents are sufficiently careful and decisive when buying.

Dr. Balázs Bence Moravcsikthe orthopedic specialist of the Budapest Musculoskeletal Clinic, helps you choose the best school bag and ensure that your child wears it to avoid pain.

There is not much a parent can do about the many textbooks and school supplies, but they can play an important role in buying a school bag for the child that is not only aesthetically pleasing, but also sufficiently practical. A lot depends on its design and how the child can wear it so that it does not cause musculoskeletal complaints.

Pay attention to the design!

A good school bag fits the spine, is ergonomic, the back is stiffened and padded, and the straps are wide and adjustable. A school bag is the right size if it is located between the shoulder line and the hip blade. According to the specialist, it is best if it also has a waist belt, as this also helps in fixing it. The material should be breathable and lightweight. Leather itself is heavier than a plastic bag.

It doesn’t matter how we wear it

If a school bag is ergonomic, it fits the child’s back properly, so the weight is distributed evenly on the back and shoulders. It is very fashionable to wear the backpack on one shoulder, hanging on the side of the body, this is especially true for older children and adults. However, it is important to make sure that the child carries the bag on both shoulders at a young age, thus avoiding muscle and bone pain, posture disorders, scoliosis, and premature cartilage wear. Tighten the straps so that there is two fingers’ worth of space between the body and the bag.


How much can it weigh?

An overloaded school bag can lead to a stiff neck, shoulder and back pain, headache and muscle pain, as well as posture disorders. How a student carries a backpack is just as important as its weight. As a general rule, the specialist says that in order to avoid musculoskeletal complaints, the weight of the backpack should not exceed 10-20 percent of the child’s body weight. There are also rolling school bags today, which helps to reduce the load in many cases. If such a purchase is not possible, ask the school if there is a way for the child to keep certain books inside the school. When packing, make sure that the heaviest items are placed closest to the middle of the back, so that the load can be minimized.

How can we relieve the back?

Let’s help the child on the way home by carrying the school bag for him, at least for the first few months, until he gets used to the new kind of load. In addition, it is very important for children to have the right level of fitness and posture. It is worth choosing a form of movement that is symmetrical, requires movement that loads the spine equally and strengthens the muscles next to the spinal column. Swimming, horse riding, rock climbing, and even regular walking are like this. If we notice that the child’s spine is asymmetrical, the shoulders are not at the same height, or pain occurs, consult an orthopedic doctor. In addition to the specialist examination, the diagnostic procedure developed by Hungarian researchers is becoming more and more common, during which the specialist or physiotherapist receives feedback on the movement patterns of the body part and the deviations during a functional movement analysis.

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Source: Napidoktor by

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