On September 11, 2001, Islamists from the al-Qaeda terrorist network attacked targets in the United States on four transport planes.
They remember the victims every year
Two planes crashed into the World Trade Center (WTC) buildings in New York, the third crashed into the Pentagon building near Washington and the fourth crashed in the state of Pennsylvania.
Almost 3,000 people from 93 countries were killed in the terrorist attacks, and another 6,000 people were injured.
At the site of the two collapsed buildings of the World Trade Center in New York, which was named Ground Zero (epicenter), the survivors of the terrorist attacks meet each year, as well as those who survived the attacks. They remember the victims by ringing bells, a minute of silence and reading their names.
They did not choose the goals at random
The terrorists did not choose the targets at random. The World Trade Center has fallen victim to its iconic position on the Manhattan skyline, which represents the economically advanced United States, and was chosen by the Pentagon because it houses the US Department of Defense and Armed Forces Headquarters.
On the morning of September 11, 2001, at 8.46 a.m. local time, a Boeing 767 aircraft of the American airline crashed into the northern WTC building in New York.
Subsequently, 18 minutes after the first machine, a second Boeing 767 crashed into the southern WTC building. The twelve-meter-high twins collapsed after plane crashes, destroying another 50 buildings.
Pictures of falling skyscrapers, a huge cloud of ash and dust rolling through the streets of New York, flew around the world before people fleeing the disaster.
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The attackers directed the third plane to the Pentagon, the seat of the US Department of Defense. It crashed into its western side at 09.45. The attack killed 125 military and civilian employees of the Ministry of Defense, as well as 64 passengers on the plane, including five hijackers.
A fourth plane crashed in an uninhabited area of Pennsylvania. The plane crashed after a fight between some passengers and four terrorists, as they tried to get the plane under the control of the hijackers.
In addition to the terrorists, 33 passengers and seven crew members were killed. The site of the tragedy is commemorated by the National Memorial Flight 93 located near the village of Shanksville.
The attacks were carried out by 19 terrorists from Saudi Arabia and seven other Arab countries. They were funded by the al-Qaeda terrorist organization Saudi Arabian militant Osama bin Laden, who was hiding in Afghanistan at the time.
In an evening television speech that evening, US President George W. Bush promised to track down and punish the perpetrators of the tragedy and retaliate to give the country a shelter. The US declared war on terrorism and formed a broad anti-terrorist coalition.
Lasting freedom in Afghanistan
A concrete response to the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 was Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan, which began on 7 October 2001. The aim was to track down and find Osama bin Laden and other high-ranking al-Qaeda members, destroy the terrorist organization and remove the Taliban regime. , which provided members of this militant Islamic organization with protection and refuge.
At the end of December 2001, the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was established on behalf of the UN Security Council.
Originally, they had a mandate to protect Kabul and its environs from terrorists and fundamentalist fighters. In October 2003, the mandate was extended to the whole of Afghanistan, which was formally achieved in four stages in October 2006.
Death of bin Laden
The United States eventually tracked down bin Laden and shot him in Pakistan. The death of the world’s most wanted terrorist was confirmed on May 2, 2011 by US President Barack Obama. In February 2020, his successor at the White House, Donald Trump, agreed with the Taliban militant movement to withdraw US troops from Afghanistan.
Originally, this was supposed to happen by May 1, 2021. The current US President Joe Biden symbolically moved this date in April 2021 to September 11, 2021 – the 20th anniversary of the terrorist attacks on New York skyscrapers, but in early July 2021 announced that the US mission in Afghanistan will end on August 31, 2021. And so it happened when the last aircraft of the US Army flew from the Afghan capital Kabul.
As part of international forces, Slovak soldiers have also been deployed in Afghanistan since 2002. Their almost 20-year tenure ended on June 16, 2021. In operations Enduring Freedom, ISAF, and Operation Resolute Support, a total of 4,347 Slovak professional soldiers took turns, including 44 women.
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The dark forces of human nature
US President Joe Biden called national unity the greatest power of the United States. He stated this in a video released on the eve of Saturday’s 20th anniversary of the terrorist attacks in the USA. The DPA informed about it.
“In the days following September 11, 2001, we saw heroism everywhere, in expected and unexpected places. We also saw something very rare: a real sense of national unity. “ Biden said on Friday night in a link on a social network.
“In the struggle for the soul of America, our greatest strength is unity. Unity does not mean that we must believe in the same thing, but we must have fundamental respect and trust in each other and in this country. “ said the president.
However, according to Biden, after the 9/11 attacks, “darker forces of human nature” appeared, namely “fear and anger.” However, the country cannot afford division. “Unity is what makes us who we are – America at its best,” he said.
The White House has announced that Biden and his wife will commemorate the victims of the attacks two decades ago in the places where they occurred on Saturday. They will visit New York, the headquarters of the Pentagon’s Department of Defense, as well as a location near the village of Shanksville, Pennsylvania, where the fourth hijacked plane, whose passengers tried to defeat the terrorists, crashed.
Source: Dnes24.sk by www.dnes24.sk.
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