Trucks are used to transport various goods both within the country and abroad. To ensure that the transport brings economic benefits and the goods are delivered unharmed, it is necessary to make the right choice of a vehicle. Therefore, it is recommended to buy vehicles on proven online sites with work experience and a good reputation. One such site is the specialized portal https://autoline24.it/-/camion–c2 , where you can choose and buy trucks from sellers around the world, as well as original truck parts and components.
Features of the truck structure
The broad “truck” concept combines different vehicle classes, including commercial vehicles, road tractors and even passenger cars – pickups. The truck class includes vehicles in which the cab (drive part) together with the body (loading platform) is fixed on the carrier frame of the vehicle.
Structurally, truck-type vehicles can be either single or with a trailer or semi-trailer. The vehicles are designed for the transport of goods of various purposes, sizes, weights and conditions. The variety of trucks allows you to choose the right option.
Vehicles of this type are divided according to different criteria:
- Body type.
- Quantity of axes.
- Axial load.
- Wheel formula.
Depending on the type of body, a distinction is made between open and closed trucks. Open type vehicles are used for the transportation of general purpose goods and materials that do not require special conditions. The vehicles are distinguished by its load capacity, maneuverability and structure. The possible variants of open trucks: flatbed, tipper, platforms, trolleys. As well as: trucks with cranes, hook lifts and wiring systems, grain transport, car transporters and timber transport.
Closed body vehicles (vans) are different from open trucks by a fully closed body structure. These vehicles are capable of carrying various goods. The category of closed body trucks includes: vans, refrigerated trucks, tarpaulin trucks, curtainsider trucks, isothermal trucks, military trucks and others.
Cargo tanks belong to the same type of truck. The purpose: delivery of liquid goods, dry substances and liquefied gases. The main types of tanks: fuel transport, tankers, milk tanks, gas transport tanks, silos trucks, bitumen trucks, cement trucks, flour trucks and others.
Depending on the number of axles, the trucks can be two, three and more axles. This parameter affects the vehicle’s load capacity. Based on the axial load, these types of vehicles are divided into vehicles up to 6 tons for the most loaded axle and from 6 to 10 tons.
Other truck classification features:
- wheel formula (4х2, 4х4, 6х4, 6х6);
- the type of fuel used (petrol, diesel, gas);
- load capacity (small, medium, large)
Light commercial vehicles have a low load capacity. Their gross weight is 7.5-15 tons. The average carrying capacity is considered to be in the range of 15-40 tons in total. Industrial vehicles weigh from 40 to 100 tons or more.
Advantages and disadvantages of trucks
Trucks are the economically viable, manoeuvrable, fast and inexpensive vehicles capable of delivering any cargo “door to door”. In many cases, a truck is the only possible way of transportation.
In interurban transport, such vehicles compete favorably with rail and sea transport, as they are not tied to fixed routes. The disadvantages of trucks are considered to be emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere, noisy function and possible sudden breakdowns.
Source: RSS DiariodelWeb.it Economia by www.diariodelweb.it.
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