The United States and China will work together to reduce CO2 emissions


Glasgow (Special Envoy)Surprise announcements in Glasgow. In the last hours of this Wednesday, the two main emitters of greenhouse gases in the world, China and the United States, have assured that they will work together to curb global warming during this decade. The joint agreement, announced at two press conferences, is a point of hope in a day that had begun with the publication of a first draft of a final statement that has satisfied virtually no environmental organization and after the British Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, said that “the risk of failure of COP26 is colossal.”

China’s special envoy, Xie Zhenhua, was the first to announce the publication of the Statement for improved climate action in the 2020s. The text reiterates the importance for both countries of keeping alive the Paris goal, that is, limiting global warming by 1.5 ºC.

“Both sides recognize that there is a gap between current efforts and the goals of the Paris Agreement,” Xie said in his appearance. “As two superpowers in the world,” he said, “the United States and China have a special obligation to work together to ensure that the world remains a peaceful place.” We need to think big and be responsible. We need to actively address climate change and, through cooperation, bring more benefits to our two peoples and to people around the world. “

For his part, also at a subsequent press conference, U.S. Special Envoy for Climate Change John Kerry described the statement as “a first step in laying the groundwork to help close the gap” between the announced plans and the emissions they would generate. “The United States and China maintain many differences [en molts temes]. But when it comes to the climate, cooperation is the only way to approach this task. “

A year of work

The two representatives said that the joint statement was the product of 36 face-to-face working and negotiating sessions between diplomats from China and the United States, which were held throughout the year. Kerry also claimed that China had pledged to quickly develop a plan to reduce its emissions of methane and, gradually, coal-fired gases “as soon as possible.”

The commitment made by Beijing does not mean, for the time being, that China will join the plan announced last week by the European Union and the United States to reduce methane gas emissions by 30% by 2030. in any case, however, it is a first recognition by the government of XI Jinping of the relevance of methane as one of the most polluting elements and that contributes most to global warming.

Although the small print of the statement has yet to be known, the most positive thing about the surprise announcement is that it “puts the emphasis on performance over the current decade,” said Harjeet Singh, one of the most relevant advisers. of Climate Action Network International, one of the environmental groups that is closely following the evolution of the negotiations.

Glasgow’s procedures have been criticized for the large number of commitments made in the long term, but which have not been accompanied by others in the short term, especially when the present decade is considered vital for decisive action.

An analysis published on Tuesday by Climate Action Tracker considered that promises to reach carbon neutrality in 2050 would limit warming by about 1.8 ºC, if they came true. But the actions announced for 2030 put humanity at a warming rate of 2.4 ºC by the end of the century.


Source: Ara.cat – Portada by www.ara.cat.

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