The struggle between rich and poor slows down the agreement in Glasgow


Glasgow (Special Envoy)The British presidency wanted to put an end to COP26 this Friday, but it has not been possible: talks have entered the time of discount, as happened in Madrid in 2019, and until this Saturday, in the early hours, no there will be a new and third draft statement, sources in the negotiation have confirmed to ARA.

The second, which had been published early in the morning, did not serve to reach a consensus among the nearly 200 participants in the meeting. Substantial differences in funds to offset the “losses and damage” of the impact of climate change, on specific aspects of emissions mitigation and on the controversial carbon markets – the emissions offset mechanism – have hampered the ‘advance of a text that, for the first time at such a summit, referred to fossil fuels as the substantial part of the problem. A mention that has had enough consensus among delegates, although from the first draft, published on Wednesday to the second, some environmental organizations have seen a change in language that leaves the door open to continue using coal, the oil and gas.

The economic differences are still so substantial that several hundred delegates from developing countries have joined protesters and members of activist groups such as Friends of the Earth, who this afternoon protested in front of the door of main access to COP26.

Sarah Shaw, the network’s international coordinator, said she was witnessing “the great Glasgow getaway”. He added: “After a series of striking announcements full of reservations and loopholes, rich countries and the UK presidency are rushing to close a deal that shifts responsibility for emissions cuts to developing countries. , without providing them with the money they need to get away from fossil fuels. ”

According to analyst Ed King, who follows the negotiation process on a daily basis, Africa and the island states “do not give up” in terms of “losses and damage.” On this point, late in the evening, in an attempt to offer a voice beyond those of state delegates, Kenyan climate activist Mohammed Adow, of Power Shift Africa, has practically reached the area reserved for the media to explain his vision of the current state of the negotiation.

“Vulnerable countries want a loss-making mechanism to come out of Glasgow, but the European Union and the United States have been blocking any mention of this issue.” The second draft calls for doubling the heading of this chapter, but Washington, in particular, wants to eliminate it, because it fears it could open the door to unlimited claims for damages, as it is the main issuer in historical terms. .

According to Adow’s version, the loss-and-damage mechanism proposed by the most vulnerable states has had the support of 130 countries during the negotiations, representing 85% of the world’s population. “But instead of reflecting the opinion of most of the world in this section, [el president de la COP26 del Regne Unit, Alok Sharma] has chosen to reflect the position of rich nations in the draft text published this morning. “

The one in Glasgow was seen as a key summit to consolidate the goal of the Paris Agreement: to keep global warming at a maximum of 1.5 ºC by 2100. By now, what has been found, according to the analyzes of the national emission reduction plans (NCDs), is that if they are not corrected this limit will be far exceeded. Not without reason, the second draft has upheld the request to states to present “new or updated” emission cut-off plans before next year’s Egypt summit, while “asking” them that in these sheets of route “reformulate and strengthen its 2030 targets to align with the Paris targets”.

Commitment is almost inevitable. It is a matter of time and linguistic engineering. But the issue of money will last until the 2022 summit. “We know that finance is a constant priority for Egypt, and there is a lot of influence in the Africa group. Not everything has to be answered here, there there will be a strong position, I suppose, next year, ”says Richie Merzian, a former Australian negotiator at previous POPs and present at the current summit as an observer. For now, in Glasgow and seeing what has happened so far, the defense of the economic interests of the poorest countries already seems firm enough.


Source: Ara.cat – Portada by www.ara.cat.

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